Graduate of St. John's College, Winfield, Kansas, 1940. Ordained, missionary, Evangelical Lutheran Church in Nigeria, 1945. Member of the faculties of Alabama Lutheran Academy and College, Selma (1950-51) and Immanuel Lutheran College and Seminary, Greensboro, North Carolina (1951-55). Ph.D. in Classics at the University of Chicago in 1970. Dissertation entitled, "A Study of the Clausulae in Dionysius of Halicanassus." Long-time professor Exegetical Theology at Concordia Theological Seminary.