Full Text for CTM Miscellanea 9-7 (Text)
LEHRE UND VVEHRE
MAGAZIN FUER Ev.-LUTH. HOMILETIK
THEOLOGICAL QUARTERLY-THEOLOGICAL MONTHLY
Vol. IX July, 1938 No.7
A Course in Lutheran Theology. Th. Engelder . _______ .... _ .... _____ . __ .. _. __ .____ 481
Kleine Danielstudien. L. Fuerbringer ______________________ . __ . __ .. __ .. ___ ... . __ __ ... ..... 495
Sermon Study on Acts 5:34-42. Th. Laetseh ._ . . _ .... .. _ .. _ ...... ____ ._____ 506
Miscellanea __________ ._ . . ___ . ____ . _____ . ____ .._____ . _______ .. _____________________ . __ . __ . ___ __ .. _ .. _. __________ .. 519
Theological Observer. - Kirchlich-ZeitgeschichtIiches . . ____ ._ ._ .. _ ._. ____ 530
Book Review. - Literatur _ . _________ .. ______ .. _. ______ ... ____ . ______ . __ . .. .. ... . _ .. _____ . 553
BIn Predlger mUSII nleht aDeln lOel-
den, also d888 er die Schafe unter-
welle. wle s1e reehte Chr1lten 80llen
RIn, IIOndem auch daneben den Woe1-
fen lOeh1'4m, daM s1e dle Schafe nlcht
ansreifen und mlt faIscher Lehre ver-
fuehren und Irrtum elnfuehren.
Es 1st keln Ding, das dle Leute
mehr bel der KJrche behaelt denn
die gute Predlgt. - Apologia, An. 24.
If the trumpet give an uncerta1D
sound who shaD prepare himself to
the batUe? - 1 COT.14, B.
PnbIisbed for the
BY. Loth. Synod of Missouri, Ohio, and Other States
CONCOBDIA PUBLISIIIN'G BOUSE, St. LouJs, Mo.
Does the First Part of This Story Repeat Itself Elsewhere?
Rev. W. Peck, S. T. D., relates this story in the Living ChU1·ch: The
new rector of a parish in a certain small English town was deeply
troubled to find the congregation divided into two warring sections. He
tried to discover what were the real issues and principles dividing them
and came to the conclusion that there were none. What divided the
church was the jealousy of the two leading families, the family of Alder-
man Bloggins and the family of Councilor Scroggins. [These are not the
real names.] There were two camps. Anything proposed by a Blog-
ginsite was at once ridiculed and opposed by the Scrogginsites. If the
Scrogginsites produced a policy, the Blogginsites immediately provided
the opposition. There was hatred between the two families. The rector
saw them on Sundays, the alderman and the councilor looking thun-
derous and their wives exchanging glances full of lightning. And this
went on until the rectm:'s soul was seething within him, and he stood up
in his pulpit and preached a sermon about it.
It was a terrific effort. Of course, he mentioned no names; but he
simply let fly and lashed about him until his wife, sitting in the rectory
pew, feared that the outraged tribes of Bloggins and Scroggins would
unite in the slaughter of her too daring husband.
But nothing of the sort occurred. On the contrary, Alderman
Blog"ins met the rector on High Street on IV[onday morning and shook
his hand warmly. "Rector," he said, "I vvant to thank you for that
wonderL:! sermon. It was marvelous. I only hope it went home to the
person for whom it was intcl'lded. It ought to do ' Un a world of good."
The rector was flabbergasted, and the alderman had gone before he
could recover the power of speech. He went down High Street in a sort
of dream, out of vThich he was awakened by the voice of Councilor
Scroggins, who was standing at the door of his shop "P!"!""'," said the
Councilor, "that was a magnificent sermon you preached yesterday. You
gave it to him hot and strong. I hope he took it to heart."
Th2 rector felt that earthquakes were oc-~u.rring in his soul. I-Ie
dared not trust himself to speak. He went home and told his -wife
about it. Half an hour later she said, "I've been thinking."
The following day the rector called upon Alderman Bloggins and
raised the subject of church renovation. "How much do you suppose
Scroggins will give'?" asked the alderman. "I should think," said the
rector, looking tremendously thoughtful, "about 20 pounds." "Paltry!"
said the alderman. "I'll give you 50." "Thanks," said the rector ®rr ~®fus ~l)tiftu§ bon ben ~ubcn gerreu3igt motben am 10. nadj
ben Sl'alenben be§ tJrpriI (am 10. WjJriI), aI§ bie lidben ®emini s-l'onfuln
toarcn." :!lie s-l'raufer "mie mir gefdjrieben refen" berrat OueITenftubien, bie
2aftan3 ma~rfdjeinfidj megen ber Df±erf±reitigfeiten madj±e, unb fidjert feinet
Wngabe moglidjfte s-l'orreft~eit. :!lodj bie§ fein :!latum fann nur bUrdj bie
@lonn±ag§budjftabenmet~obe befiatigt merben, monadj bie ~udjftaben G bi§ A
au ben illSodjentagen [Jefett murben: beftanbig G au @lonnta[J, F ilU WConiag,
A au @lam§ia[J.
~n ~auI~§' "ffieaI~®na~nojJO:.bie", VII, 2573, fie~t: "Wuf .oem aI§ Fasti
Sabini lieaeidjneien s-l'alenberfragment au§ bet :Beit be§ Wuguftu§ (CIL 12,
220) metben ffiei~en bon fieben ~udjftalien (G-A) aUr ~eaeidjnung ber fie~
lienta[Jigen illSodje gef et±. " WCit ber .seit murben fie @5onniag§liudjftaben ge~
nannt. ~I)te ~ebeutung ift, bat ber &djftalic, ber liehn 7. ~anuarl) fte~t,
bie ~age be§ ~a~re§ fo regiert, bat man bie illSodjen±age finbet. ®§ fil~rte
ba§ audj aum 28jaI)tigen @5onnenaitfeI, ber mit dnem @5djaItja~r, moau amei
~udjftaben geI)oren, aflo mit GF 1, oeginnt nnb mit A 28 fdjfiett. ,,91adj
)Serlauf fordjer 28 ~al)re farIen bie illSodjentage mieber aUf basfelbe $Datum."
:!liefe Slafenberme±~obe ift feit ben ~agen be§ Wuguftu§ hi§ ~eu±e for~
reft oefoIgt morben. ~rgenbeine llnregefmatigfeit maljrenb be§ )SerIauf§
eine§ ~a~re§ anbert iebodj fofot± bie 9leiljenfolge bet ~udjftalien. @50 mat
bom 1. ~anuar biB aum 4. Cftober 1582 G 23 ber @5onntag§budjftaoe. 91un
fier aUf )Serorbnung ®regor§ XIII. ~in .ocr 5.-14. Cftaber au§, fo bat bom
15. Cftober an C 15 ber ~udjfiabe mar. )Som 4. CItober 1582 aUfmart§ hi§
aum 25. ~un 325 finbe± fidj feine llnre[Jefmaf3igfeit in ber WofoI[Je be§ @5on~
1) ,,:!let 7. bes l.l!nonat!! liat bon artets !jet tm teItgiiifen uno ptaftifcljen ileoen
eine morre gefptert." ($auIlJs, a. a. D., @S. 2579.) :!let 7. :;5anuat ",at naclj tiimi(cljet \lfn.
fcljauung in bet etften lllloclje bes neuen :;5a~tes bet etfte :rag besfeIOen, ba fte Me
Si!alenOet3ett tiicfl1iu/ig lieftimmten: bon Si!alenben, !nonen, :;5oen aufhJ1itts.
nensirfel@i. @5onn±ag, ben 25. ;;:Sufi 325, feiet±e ~onf±antin bie sltlansigf±e
;;:Siifjrung feiner ~ronbef±eigung.
@3ufeviu@i ±eiIt in feiner @5cljrif± De Martyribus Palaestinae al@i Wugen~
seuge berSDioUetianifcljen ~erfolgung etriclje Wliit±LJret±age fam± ben m5ocljen~
±ag@iveaeicljnungen mit, fo ~ap. VII: "Wm 2. Wpril 307, am Df±erfonn±ag,
tourbe Die noclj feine aclj±aefjn ;;:Safjre aIte 5tfjeobofia f cljrectficlj gemat±er± unb
fcljIietliclj im Wleer er±tiinf±." lnaclj bem 2. Wpril 307 vi@i sum @5onn±ag,
25. ;;:Sun 325, bergingen bem ~arenber naclj 6,689 5tage. m5irb Die @5umme
burclj 7 bibibiet±, fome ber Duotient eine reftlofe :Bafjl fein; aver bie Wnt~
toot± ift 955, 81.4.
lnun iff vefannt, bat im ;;:Safjre be@i lniaiiifcljen ~onsil@i ba@i SDatum ber
Brilfjiafjr@i~5tag~ unb 9Iaclj±gleiclje (uquinoftium) aU@i bem 25. WliirS, ber vi@i~
fjer bafilr gaIt, in ba@i ricljtigere SDatum, niimliclj ben 21. Weiirs, beriinber±
tourDe. SDa@i fonnie jeboclj nur burclj @3fiminierung bon bier 5tagen aU@i ber
S'falenberaeit biefe@i ;;:Safjre@i gefcljefjen, luie im S'falenber be@i ;;:Safjre@i 1582 bon
@regor aefjn 5tage gefiricljen tourben. Wuclj tourbe vefanntnclj au lniaiia ber
erfie @5onniag naclj bem erf±en ~olImonb im Brilfjiafjr a1@i Dfteraeit ge~
orbnet. SDie Wubianer macljten biefe fl-rnberung nicljt mit unb vefcljulbigten
ehua bieraig ;;:Safjre fpii±er bie Dt±fjobo!;en, fie fjii±ten ficlj einer @efiilIigfeit
(prosopolepsia) gegen ben toeHlicljen S'faifer fcljulDig gemacljt; "benn", fag~
ten fie, "a1@i bie Beierlicljfeit be@i S'fonftantin f±a±tfjatte, iinbet±e± ifjr Die
Df±erfeier". (@3pipfjaniu@i, Adv. Haereses, I, 821. A. Audiani, IX; cf. 826,
XIV.) SDa@i toeift beu±nclj barauf fjin, bat bie bier 5tage jUft bor S'fon~
fiantin@i atoanaigfter ;;:Safjre£!feier feiner ~ronvef±eigung au£! bem S'falenber
gef±ricljen tourben, alfo ber 21. Iig 24. ;;:Sun, fo bat Diefe Beier anf±a±t am
SDonner£!tag am borfjergefjenben @5onntag bor ficlj ging. SDa£! iinberie nun
auclj bie ffieifjenfolge ber @5onn±ag£!vucljf±aven aU@i C 26 in F 18 fUr Die
5tage bom 1. ;;:Sanuar vg sum 20. ;;:Sun; benn ba ber 20. ;;:Sufi aUf einen
@5am£!tag fiel, toar fUr bie :Beit bon ba aufluiit±£! Iig aum 1. ;;:Sanuar F 18
m5irb nun bon F 18 fUr Die erf±e Sjiilfte be£! ;;:Safjre£! 325 ber @5onnen~
aidel vi£! in£! ~afjr 30 berfoIg±, ba£! SDiont)iiu£l ricljtig am ba£! ~afjr ber
S'freuaigung ~@3fu fef±1egie, fo toirb D 3 filr bie£! ;;:Safjr 30 a1@i @5onn±ag£!vuclj~
fiave gefunben. linter D 3 aver fam ber 7. ~anuar aUf Wli±ttooclj unb bem~
entfprecljenb ber 10. Wprif aUf Breitag. @5omit fjaven Die DuelIenftubien be£!
Ea£tana ba£! ricljtige bamange julianifclje SDatum fUr ben 5tag ber S'freuai~
gung ~@3fu erforfclji.2) m5. @.
Table-Prayer of Oxford Students in Christ College
Dining-Hall (built under Cardinal Wolsey)
Nos, miseri homines et egeni, pro cibis, quos nobis ad corporis sub-
sidium benigne es largitus, tibi, Deus omnipotens, Pater Coelestis, gratias
reverenter agimus, simul obsecrantes ut iis sobrie, modeste atque grate
utamur, per lesum Christum, Dominum nostrum. Amen. M. S. S.
2) Wael) bet ®onnlag§>liuel)flalienlifte otbnel fiel) benn audj bet ilJUitt\Jrettag be!3
~ol\Jfatp, ,,133 ;:jaljte nael) @:ljtifti ~teU3igung"; cf. Chronikon Paschale, auf ®am!3tag
(Sabbatum Magnum), 23. iYeoruat 163, unlet bem j!Jucf:)ftaoen F 24. ~et Wliid\Jret<
tag be!3 ;:jgnatiu9 ljintuieberum fiel in ba!3 ®cfjaIijaljt 108 untet ben j!Jucf:)ftalien ED 25
auf ®onntag, 20. ~eoemoet. ~iefe oeiben ~aten liat bie gtieel)ifcf:)e &i!itel)e aI9 bie ®e<
benHage biefet Wliit1t)ret in il)rem S!alenbet auflieljaIien.
In a very informing article appearing in the Presbyterian for
March 10, 1938, W. Bell Dawson, M. A., D. Sc., F. R. C. S., presents some
arguments which show how untenable even from the point of view of
the scientist the theory of evolution, when closely scrutinized, proves
to be. Discussing plants and trees, he says, among other things:
"We see also in the world a wonderful variety of vegetation. There
are humble kinds of mosses and ferns which have no flowers; there
are pine-trees and spruces which do not bear any nuts or fruits; and
there are fruit-trees and plants with their seeds inside their fruit, as
currants and apples have. So, when we look over all the different plants
and vegetables and trees, what comes out most clearly is the contrast
between the different kinds. Ferns have spores, almost like dust, instead
of seeds. Some trees, such as the palm, have stems that are strengthened
inwardly, whereas the birch and the maple add layers of wood to the
outside of their trunks as they grow taller. The leaves of the pine and
the oak and the way their seeds are formed, could hardly be more dif-
ferent. Everywhere we look we see opposites and no connecting links.
How, then, can we suppose that one kind of plant developed from an-
other? The great vegetable world of plants and trees is an immense
puzzle to the evolutionists; and in consequence very few botanists who
study these things believe in evolution."
In another section, speaking of the world of minute things, consist-
ing of only one cell, he says:
"First of all, is it certain that these are the primary living things and
the earliest in the world? In reality there are very large groups of one-
celled creatures which can only live with the help of what is more ad-
vanced than themselves. Some are helpful to plants and live on their
roots (enabling plants to assimilate nitrogen). Then the molds and
other scavengers live on decaying matter. Many others live within the
bodies of insects or animals; and some kinds get their nourishment from
these animals, while others help them to digest their food. Others again
cause diseases. It is plain that none, of these kinds could have existed
before there were well-developed plants and high animals in the world.
These minute creatures thus serve definite purposes in nature. It may
possibly be that the Creator made them in different ages, as they were
needed. Can we say that the divine intelligence in creating a tiny
creature or the power of God to make it live, is less than for some
"We next ask: If these one-celled things can change so easily into
better creatures, as the evolutionists say, why is it that they have not
done so long ago? How does it happen that there are such multitudes
and such varieties of them still in the world? Then again, if we are
trying to see whether each seed that grows and each animal that is born
is a little better than its father or its parent plant, we would have to
watch a very long time to see any change. For seeds take a year to
grow, and most animals and birds have young ones only once a year.
But there are these tiny one-celled things which multiply so fast that
it is possible for their numbers to double every half hour. There are as
many generations among them in three weeks as sheep or birds have in
a thousand years. So here surely is a splendid chance to see if crea-
tures change, and if anything does, those lowly and simple things should
"Among them all, the disease germs have probably been the most
carefully studied. Yet, if there was any change at all, this study would
be quite useless, because from one year to another a typhoid germ
might turn into a malaria germ. There would thus be no certain way
of telling one disease from another. One year for these germs is the
same as 175 centuries in producing breeds of cattle. So it is really
very wonderful that they show no change whatever. How can the evo-
lutionist explain this?
"It may seem strange to ask whether we can always tell a plant
from an animal; but when we come down to creatures which have only
one cell for their whole body, it may not be so easy. Yet it is important,
for the evolutionist has to prove that plants turned into animals or at
least that they were both the same at first, or he must give up his
theory of evolution.
"The distinction between plant and animal that is most readily seen
is shown by the two different ways in which they nourish themselves.
A plant can get all that it needs to live upon from the air and water
and the ground. It takes the gases in the air and the salts dissolved in
water or in the earth and manufactures these into starch and sugar and
even higher products. No animal can do this, for it cannot live directly
on the air and water and earth. An animal must have for its food the
things which plants have already prepared; and if it eats milk and eggs
or even meat, these have already been produced by other animals from
the vegetations which they fed upon.
"We may sum it all up by saying that plants make food and animals
use it up. This is strictly correct; and the use to which the animal puts
this food is just the opposite of what the plant has done. We could make
this very plain if we could go into the chemistry of it all; but we will
just give one sentence of this: Plants produce starches and albumins
directly from inorganic substances by deoxidizing them and thus obtain
their heat and muscular energy. This shows the gap which there is be-
tween vegetable and animal life, which on the whole are just the opposite
of each other." A.