Full Text for Sermon Study on 1 Pet. 1:3-9 (Text)

Q.tnutnr~ttt IDl1rnlngitul ilnut1Jly Continuing LEHRE UND VVEHRE MAGAZIN FUER Ev.~LuTH. HOMILETIK THEOLOGICAL QUARTERLY ~ THEOLOGICAL MONTHLY Vol. IX April, 1938 No.4 CONTENTS Page A Course in Lutheran Theology. Th. Engelder------------- --... -- _ .. ___ . __ ..... _ 241 Professional Growth in the Study of the Confessions J. Theodore Mueller_ ... _ .... __ ............. _ .... _._ ... _ .... 257 Kleine Danielstudien. L. Fuerbrlnger_. __ .. _ .. _._ .. _ ...... _. ________ .__ .____ "_"'_' __ "_ 268 Sermon Study on 1 Pet. 1:3-9. Th. Laetsch_ ....... __ ..... ___ .___ _ __ ._ .... _ ... _ .... _ 279 Miscellanea __ ..... _ .. _ ... ____ _ ... _ ...... _ ............... _ ... _ ... __ ............. _ .. ____ _____ ..... ___ .. _ 291 Theological Observer. - Kirchlich-Zeitgeschichtliches ... .. _. ___ ._. __ . 296 Book Review. - Literatur ................ _ ..___ ............. _ .... _ .... ______ ..... __ .. _ ......... ___ 313 E1n Predlger muas ntcht alleln Ulei- den, also daM er die Schafe unter- weise, wie ale rechte CbrIaten BOllen "In. BOndern auch daneben den WoeI- fen Ulehren, dus sie die Schafe nteht angrelfen und mit fal8cher Lehre ver- fuehren und Irrtum eInfuehren. Luther Es 1st keln Ding. daa die Leute mehr bel der Kirehe behae1t denn die gute Prediet. - Apolog!e, Art. 24. If the trumpet live an uncertain BOund who shall prepare h1mM1f to the battle? -1 CM. 14, I. Published for the BY. Lath. Synod of MJssoarl, Ohio, and Other States CONCORDIA PUBLISHING BOUSE, St. Louis, •• ~­ BCHIVE Sermon Study on 1 Pet. 1: 3-9 279 Sermon Study on 1 Pet. 1: 3-9 Eisenach Epistle for the First Sunday after Easter, Quasimodogeniti In the opening greeting of his epistle Peter had reminded his readers of the eternal foreknowledge and predetermination of God the Father according to which they had been elected, chosen, unto obedience and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ. Obedience here signifies the obedience of faith, 1 Pet. 1: 22; Rom. 10: 16; 2 Cor. 10:5, that obedience which gladly receives the Word of God, Acts 2: 41. Through such faith the believers are sprinkled with the blood of Jesus, all the blessings procured for man are appropriated to them. For such obedience and sprinkling they were elected, not by an absolute decree of God but "through sanc- tification of the Spirit." As the decree of election is based on the grace of God and the merits of Christ, so it has for its purpose, as its object, the sanctification of the elect and is carried out in time through, fN, within the sphere of, this work of the Holy Spirit, in this manner, that the Holy Spirit in time calls, regenerates, pre- serves, and finally brings them to eternal salvation through faith in Christ Jesus. Having called the attention of his readers to the hidden well- springs of their salvation, the eternal decree of election, he now points out the realization of this decree in their own lives and the glorious goal toward which God has decreed to lead them. He does this in the form of a most beautiful eulogy of the Author and Finisher of their salvation. Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, which according to His abundant mercy hath begotten us again unto a lively hope by the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead, v. 3. "Blessed be God." Cpo 2 Cor. 1: 3; Eph. 1: 3. This phrase, so often met with in the Old Testament and in rabbinical writings, is not intended by the apostle as an exhortation to bestow upon God a gift, a blessing. God is not in need of man's gifts. He is ever blessed, 1 Tim. 1: 11; 2 Tim. 6: 15. Nor is there anything in the gift of man that could enrich God. Man can only stand before the throne of the ever blissful God and sing the praises of His holy name and magnify His mighty deeds. That is exactly what the Greek term for blessed here denotes. EUAoyrr.6~ means well spoken of, praised, lauded. In the New Testament the word is used ex- clusively of God, though in the LXX it is applied to men also, while the New Testament writers use IlUAOYT)J.tE'VO~. Peter now continues: Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ. God is to be praised not only because He is God, the Creator of the universe, to whom all creatures owe their life and existence and therefore never-ceasing praises; He 280 Sermon Study on 1 Pet. 1: 3-9 is here called the God and Father of Christ. Peter knows of no other God than Him who is at the same time the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ. He is the God of Christ, the God who took Him out of the womb, Ps. 22: 9; in whom He trusted, Ps. 22: 9, 10; to whom He prayed, Heb. 5: 7; Luke 6: 12; 9: 28, etc.; to whom He addressed that agonized cry, "My God, My God," Ps. 22: 1; who raised Him from the dead, Acts 2: 32; Eph.l: 20; who re- mained His God even in the state of exaltation, John 20:19; Eph. 1: 20-22. This God is at the same time the Father of our Lord, and His Father not merely in the sense in which He is the Father of all mankind, Mal. 2: 10, or of the Christians, 1 John 3: 1. Such a Father He became in time. He is the Father of our Lord from eternity, Ps. 2: 7; the Father of that Jesus whom Peter calls the Son of the living God, Matt. 16:16; John 6:69; the Prince of Life, Acts 3:15; the Lord of all, Acts 10:36; the Judge of the living and the dead, Acts 10: 42; whom time and again He calls Lord, the term being on his lips merely as a synonym of God, the Lord, Jehovah, Jer. 23: 6. All the blessings that have been decreed for us in eternity and that are coming down upon us from the throne of God are ours only because God is the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, that Lord whom we confess as our God and Lord, John 20: 28; that Lord and God through whom God, the everlasting I Am, has become our God and Lord, our Father. For this our Lord is Jesus, the Savior, Matt. 1: 21. He is the Christ, the Anointed One, sent by God to be our Redeemer, to make us children of God. This mission for which the Son was sent was not in vain. Its purpose to gain children for God was accomplished. Peter blesses the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has begotten us again, avuYE'V'V~o"CI.<;. The word is peculiar to Peter, found only here and 1: 23. Like avo: in avCI.~6.ro, live again, Rom. 14: 9; in aVCl.1jIuzOJ, refresh, 2 Tim. 1: 16, the avCI. here means again, the English prefix re, hence reborn, born again. This rebirth is the regeneration, nUALYYEVEO"L