Full Text for Study on Heb. 4, 9-13 (Text)

(!tnurnrbiu m~tnln!1kal AtutlJlg Continuing LEHRE UND ~EHRE MAGAZIN PUER Ev.-LuTH. HOMILETIK THEOLOGICAL QUARTERLY-THEOLOGICAL MONTHLY Vol. vm October, 1937 No. 10 CONTENTS Pace The Pastor and Synod. J. w. Behnken -__________ . __ ._._ .. _______ . _________________ .... 1!9 Schrift, Bekenntnis, Theologie, Plarramt und verwandte Geren- staende. Th. Encelder ._._ ..... _. ___ ............... _ ............................ _. 736 The Doctrine 01 Justillation According to Bernard 01 Clairvaux Theo. Dierks .... __ .. _. __ ... _ .. 748 nas Verhaeltnis der Schmalkaldischen Artikel zur Augsburgi- schen Konlession. o. F. Hattstaedt ..... _ ..... _ ...... _ ... ___ .. _ ._._ ... .. __ .. _ .. 753 Study on Reb. 4, 9-13. Theo. Laetsch ..... _ ..... _ ........ __ ...... _ ...... __ .... _ ... __ 753 Outlines on the Eisenach Epistle Selections _ ........ _ .. _ ... _ ... ____ ....... _ ..... 774 Theological Observer. - Kirchlich-Zeitreschichtliches ._._ .... _.,_._ ... 788 Book Review. -Literatur . _ .. __ ._ ..... _. __ .. _ ..... _ .... _ .. _ ... __ ... ___ ..... _ .. 891 Ein Predlger muss nieht aDeln toei- den, alao dass er die Schafe unter- weise. wle ale reehte Christen sollen seln. londem aueh daneben den Woel- fen tDeht'eft, dUll ale die Schafe Dieht angrelfen und mit falseher Lehre ver- fuehren und Irrtum elntuehren. Luther Es ist keln Ding. das die Leute mehr bel der KJrehe behaelt denn die gute Predigt. - AJIOlogle, Arl. Z4. If the trumpet give an uncertain sound who lIbaD prepare hImaelf to the battle? -1 Cor. 14, •. Published for the Ev. Luth. Synod of Missouri, Ohio, and Other States CONCORDIA PUBUSHING BOUSE, St. Louis, Mo. 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(). ~. ~ a it ft ii bt Study on Heb. 4, 9-13 Eisenach Epistle for Seventeenth Sunday after Trinity The author of the Letter to the Hebrews calls the attention of his readers to the message of the Son, 1, 2; the Prophet equal with God, 1,2-14, whose message deserves to be heard and accepted, 2, 1. 2, since it was confirmed by God Himself, 2, 3. 4, and since it speaks of so sure and so marvelous a salvation, 2,5-17. Therefore they ought to consider their Apostle and High Priest, Christ Jesus, greater than Moses, 3, 1-6, and not harden their hearts in unbelief lest they, like unbelieving Israel of old, fail to obtain the promised rest, 3,7-19. For unto us, like unto them, is promised a rest. When God promised a rest to His people, He thought not merely of the rest in Canaan; He had in mind another rest, that in heaven. Unbelieving Israel lost both Canaan and heaven, and even those who entered into the Promised Land had 'not· thereby entered into the rest promised to God's people; for if JOshua had brought them to rest, God would not afterward have .spoken of another day, 4, 1-8. The Epistle-lesson for the Seventeenth Sunday after Trinity, linking up with the standard Gospel-lesson for the day, pleads with all Christians to labor to enter. into the rest remaining for the people of God and promised to them in His unfailing Word. "TheTe Temaineth therefoTe a Test to the people of God," v.9. Since, God in His holy Word, Ps. 95, through His prophet pleads with the people, the Jews living in Canaan, i. e., the promised land of rest, not to harden their hearts against His invitation to enter into His rest, Joshua could not possibly have brought Israel to their final resting-place. . There must therefore (o~, conse- 764 Study on Heb. 4, 9-13 quently, draws the conclusion from the premises given vv.4-8) be remaining another rest to the people of God. "The people of God" was the name given to Israel as a nation because this nation had been chosen by God Himself as His own, His peculiar people, to whom in a special manner He had revealed Himself, to 'whom He had granted privileges and rights granted in like measure to no other people, or nation, on earth. Cpo Rom. 3, 2; 9, 4. 5; Ex. 19, 3-6; Deut. 7, 6-24; 5, 32-40. Within this nation many refused to be- lieve the Word preached to them, Heb. 4, 2, and were therefore not accepted by God as His people, not given the rest promised to the people of God, the true believers among Israel. In the times of the New Testament the Israel of God, the people of God, are all believers, Jews and Gentiles, Gal. 6, 16; Rom. 9, 6--8. 24-26; 1 Pet. 2,9.10. To this people of God in its entirety, to all the individual members of this people from Adam and Eve to the last member of the human race received through faith into membership with this peculiar people of God, there remaineth a rest. The very fact that they are members of God's people warrants to them the ful- filment of their hopes and expectations, for God is true and His promises cannot fail, being the promises of Omnipotence and Grace, Rom. 15, 8. 9; 2 Cor. 1, 20. The writer designates this rest as a ClIl/'l/'lIl'tI.