LEHRE UND WEHRE
MAGAZIN FUER Ev.-LuTH. HOMILETIK
THEOLOGICAL QUARTERLY-THEOLOGICAL MONTHLY
Vol. VI May, 1935 No.5
Notes on Chiliasm. Th. En&,e1der ••••••••••••••••••••••• 321
Der Zeitgeist und die zeitgemaesse Predigt. J. H. C. Fritz •• 335
Das Verhaeltnis der Apokalypse zu den prophetischen
Schriften des Alten Testaments. P. E. KretzmaDD • • • • • •• 340
Der Schriftgrnnd fuer die Lehre von der satisfactio vicaria.
P. E. Kretzmann • • • • • • • • •• 347
An Anniversary We Forgot. Theo. Hoyer • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •• 349
Sermon Study on 1 Tim. 2, 1--6. Theo. Laetach • • • • • • • • • •• 356
Dispositionen ueber die altkirchliche Evangelienreihe ..... 365
Miscellanea. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 376
Theological Observer. - Kirchlich-Zeitgeschichtliches. . . .. 379
Book Review. - Literatur. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 391
EID Predlger muss nlcht aIleID tociden,
also daaa er die Scbafe unterweise, wle
.Ie rechte Obrl~ lOlleD aelD, 80ndem
auch daDeben den Woellen toehr,"" daaa
ale die Scbafe nloot angreifen und mit
blocher Lehre veduebren und Jrrtum eln·
fuebren. - wIlier.
E. 1st kelD Ding, daa die Leate mehr
bel der Klrche bebaelt denn die &'Ute
Prediljt. - Apologie, Arl. 4
Ii the trumpet give an UDcertaln sound,
who shaU prepare hlmaelf to the battle '
10or • .q,8.
Published for the
Ev. Luth. Synod of Missouri, Ohio, and Other States
CONCORDIA PUBLISHING HOUSE, St. Louis, Mo.
Theological Observer. - ~irdjndj~3eitgefdjidjtltdje~.
The Machen Trial. - Our readers undoubtedly would like to be in-
formed on the developments in the ecclesiastical trial to which Dr .. J. G.
Machen, favorably known for his opposition to Modernism, is subjected.
A correspondent of the Oh1'istian Oentu1'Y s€'I1ds the follO'lving report from
"Other than Pres,byterian eyes a,re focused at Trenton, N. J., upon the
trial of Dr. J. Gresham Machen, professor of New Testament in Westminster
Seminary, Philadelphia" and president of the Independent Boa,rd for Pres-
byterian Foreign Miss:ions. To Dr. Ma,chen and his independents the issue
is twofold: freedom from official Presbyterian agencies and a, doctrinal
attack upon the Presbyteria,n Boa,rd of Foreign Missions. But, unlike the
Briggs and Smith trials, his case is rega,rded not as an accusation oof
heresy, but a, violation of discipline. Both liberahl and conservatives in
this prosecution a,re united; the cha,rge is of secession from one of the
official agencies of the Presbyterian Church.
"Oontrary to previous intima,tioon by the commission clerk, the com-
miss.ion a,t the :first meeting,. Februa,ry 14, announced tha,t all llea,rings
would be public. Dr. Ma,chen had prootes,ted against the pra.ctise of secret
courts. The defense then presented challenges aga,inst every member of
the coommission. All except one of these challenges a,t the second meeting,
February 26, were disallowed.
"Four Rulings Made by Ohurch OOU1"t. FOUT rulings were made by
the commission a,t the third meeting, March 7, a,E! follows: -
" '1) That it cannot accept and hear any further arguments or in-
ferences based on the Auburn Affirma,tion or on its: signing by certain
members of the Pl-esbyterian Ohurch in the U. S. A.
"'2,) That it cannot ace-ept and hear any further a,rguments or infer-
ences aga,inst the Board of Fore,ign Missions of the Presbyterian Church
in the U. S. A.
" '3) Tha,t it cannot accept and hea,r any further a,rguments or infer-
ences based on the Princeton'"W'estminster Seminary controversy. We can-
not entertain any arglllnents directed aga,inst any individuals, boa;rds,
agencies,. institutions, judica,tories, against which no' cha,rgesl have been
presented in the Presbytery of New Brunswick and which are not on trial
before this judicial commission.
"'4) Tha,t it cannot accept or regard any a,rguments, questioning the
legality or validity of the manda,te of the General Assembly in reference
to the "Independent Boanl fOT Pres,byterian F'oreign Missions." It is oone
of the well-established and fundamental principles of the Presbyterian
system tha,t a, subordinate judica.toTY cannot sit in judgment upon thel
acts or deliverances of a superior judicatory, whether or not we think
those acts or deliverances have been wise, equitable, and for the edification
of the Church. So loong aH such acts and deliverances stand, this commis-
sion has no powe,r but to obey.'
380 Theological Observer. - Ritd)1id)~3eit\1efd)td)t1id)d.
"Dr. Maohen Protest8 Against Rulings. Against these rulings Dr. Ma-
chen protests tha,t the commission 'exhibits a blatancy of unfairness beyond
what might have been expected from so partisan a, court,' and, Bays he,
'that prejudices my whole case without even allowing me a hearing. I am
to be condemned on the gronnd that I ha,ve disobeyed a, la;wful order, but
not allowed to be heard when I oft'er to prove tha,t the order is unlawful;
condemned for making false assertions against the Boa,rd of Foreign Mis-
sions, but not allowed to be heard when I oft'er to prove tha,t those asser-
tions are true. It is difficult to Bee how ruthless unfairness could go much
further than that.'
"'I cannot be a pa,rty to any such concealment,' says Dr. Machen.
'I must, in fulfilment of my ordination pledge, do all I can to let light
into this da,rk place. I shaH be condemned by this commission for doing so·.
But I cannot regard it as any grea,t disgrace to be condemned by a, com-
mission tha.t has unanimously confirmed as its presiding officer a, s,igner
of a, document, the Auburn Affirma,tion, that casts despite upon the holiest
things of the Christian religion_ This commission ha,s dishonored Christ
before it dishonors me.'''
In explanation of the above we ma,y say that the Auburn Affirmation
is a, Modernistic document which declares tha,t "the doctrines of the inspi-
ration of the Scriptures, the virgin birth, the vical'ious atonement, the
bodily resurrection of Chris,t, and the performance of real miracles by
Christ belong tOo the unessential elementfl, of Christian thought and belief
and that a, person's status as a, Christian is no,t aft'ected by either accep-
tance or rejection of these doctrines." More complete comments will be
made when the trial is terminated. A.
The National COouncil Oof the PrOotestant EpiscOopal Church Oon the
Situation in Mexico. - When several dioceses asked the Na,tional Council
of the Episcopalians regarding affairs in Mexico, the reply given wa.s, a
very guarded statement, designed not to take sides either with the Roman
Catholic Church or the Mexican Government. ]'rom the sta,tement we
take over those sections which appear to throw light on the general situa-
tion in tha,t country.
"No Property Confiscated. From autho'ritative reports. which am avail-
ahle to us we may say to the Church that no property of the Episcopal
Church ha.s been eonfisca,ted during the episcopa,te of Bishop Creighton or
that of Bishop Salinas y Velasco,
"Our church-buildings and redories, i. e., buildings for worship and
the tBaching of Christian principles as maintained by our Church, have
been 'manifested' tOo the' civil a.uthoritie~ to comply with the law. This
law goes ba,ck to the constitution of 1857. All religious bodies which
erected church-buildings, pa,rish-houses, rectories, theological sChools, or
other buildings. for worship and the teaching of religious doctrines after
that date had full knowledge of the la,w and itsl implications. Church
property is considered as belonging to the nation, but the religious corpora-
tion which built it is, entitled to use it for the purpose intended.
"Under the personal restrictions imposed by the constitution, our
bishop and his clergy are performing their pastoral duties and proclaiming
the Gospel of Jesus Christ. They a,re registered for the localities in which
Theological Observer. - .Ritd)1id)~~eitgeld)id)m~~. 381
they are officia,ting and are complying with the regulations which require
all acts of public worship to be performed inside th" church-buildings.
"Schools in Mexico are rega,rded as centers for secula,r education only.
Religious education must be confined to tea~hing in the family and in the
church-building. As long as we do not perform religious ceremonies within
the school-buildings, we a·re permitted to carryon secular educational work.
"Hooker School Work. In the case of Hooker School, Casa Ho(yker,
a home for girls, where they a,re kept under Christian influence and from
which they aJ'e taken to church-school and to services in one of our duly
registered churches, is separa,ted from the school proper by a, wall. This
home is suppo·rted by the Ohurch. The conduct of the s,chool has been
placed in the hands of a group of the Hooker School graduates who are
also graduates of government normal schools and so fulfil gove·rnment
requirements. They are all members of our Ohurch, experienced teachers
who have worked for many yea,l'S! in government schools. This a,rrangement
ha.s, proved entirely sa,tisfactory and meets the moral, pra~tical, adminis-
trative, and legal problems ra.ised by the new regulations on educational
ma,tters. The school is entirely self-supporting. The salaries of the tCiLchers
and an other expenses come from the fees pa,id by the pupils. Cas a, Hooker
is, ho,wever, supported by an appropria,tioil from the National Council.
"Deplore Some Local Action. We ha,ve not joined in any prO'test.
We deem it wise to' study the situa,tion more thorouglily, being not yet
convinced that there is an actual persecution by the government on re-
ligious grounds. We deplore, however, the action of certa.in local author-
ities,. for instance, in the state of TabascO', which seems to UB to be violative
O'f the principle of religious freedom and O'f the individual rights secured
to the citizens of MexicO' by their constitution.
"Article 130 of the constitution as generally interpreted, gives each
state the right to designate the number of clergymen to officiate within
its borders. This has been used by certain local governors as an excuse
for making the free exercise of religion almost prohibitory in their states.
Yet the fact remains that there is no record of an appeal to a federal
court having been made by those affected.
"In the face of a, trying situa,tion Bishop Salinas y Velasco has given
wise and courageous, leadership to' the members of our Ohurch in Mexico.
Our work has not stood still, but has gone steadily forwa,rd. With full
confidence in him and his ability to handle the affairs of our O'hurch we
a,sk the prayers of our people in the United Sta,tes for him and Ilis clergy,
for our JliIexican church-members, and for all the people O'f 11exico."
Difficulties for Baptists in MexicO'. - Secretary O. E. Maddry of
the Foreign Mission Board, returning from a meeting of the Texas Baptist
Convention at San Antonio, was in the office last week. For several months
serious trouble has been brewing in Mexico, and for weeks we have been
expecting our fO'reign missionaries to be expelled from that country. All
of the Mexican missionaries met the secretary at San Antonio for a con-
ference as to what was best to' be done with respect to the cO'ntinuing O'f
our foreign missiO'n-work in MexicO'.
The government O'f Mexico has put on an extensive socialistic program
382 Theological Observer. - ~itd)Hd)~Seit\Jefcf)id)tIicf)es.
of education throughout the republic. They have placed a ban on the teach-
ing of all religions. The Bible is excluded from all schools, and they have
now closed our Baptist Theological Seminary at Saltillo. All church prop-
erties being "federalized," they have passed into the hands of the govern-
ment. Some of our Baptist churches have already been taken over as offices
for school superintendents, mayors, and other public officials, and the Mex-
ican flag is now flying from the steeples of Baptist churches.
The Mexican missionaries reported to the secretary in San Antonio
that in all probability all of our seminary and school property, together
with church·building and pastors' homes, will be "federalized" within a few
weeks. The seminary at Saltillo has enrolled sixteen students this year
and will be moved to Laredo, on the Texas side of the River, where Mis-
sionaries Branch and Neal will try to complete the year's work.
Secretary lIfaddry has arranged with the Texas State Board for the
transfer of several of our Mexican missionaries to the State Board of
Texas for work among Mexicans in South Texas, the Foreign l\i[ission Board
paying the salaries and the Texas Board paying their expenses. This is
a temporary arrangement, awaiting the day when, it is hoped, our mis-
sionaries may go back into Old Mexico. Five Mexican missionaries, who
have attained the age of sixty-five years, have been placed on the pen-
The Mexican government is determined to exclude Catholicism in all
of its phases from the republic, and in doing so, of course, they are ex-
cluding all Baptists, Presbyterians, and Methodists alike.
The outlook for our work in Mexico is dark indeed, and our people
everywhere are nrged to be much in prayer that God may overrule this
turn of events in our neighbor republic to the glory of His name.
Ohristian I ndem (Southern Baptist).
The Social Gospel in Baptist Churches. - If the present trend
continues, it may soon be difficult to find Christian denominations in our
country which are not expending their energy chiefly on the discussion
of social and economic problems. One of our exchanges reports that a com-
mittee of nine which represents the Northern Baptist Convention is spon-
soring what is called "frank discussion of bUl"ning issues." The various
large cities are visited, conferences are held, and these issues are threshed
out. What are they? Here is the list as given by the exchange:-
"What attitude should the Christian take toward birth control? Can
the splendid aims of the Baptist Convention regarding industrial relations
be effected without basic change in the present economic structure? How
effect the subordination of the profit to the service motive? Is assumption
of racial superiority supported by science? Is it justified by Christian
ethics? Is total abstinence or temperance the goal? Should a prohibition
amendment be restored? Should government systems, such as representa-
tive democracy, socialism, fascism, and communism, be supported or op-
posed? In view of the rapid extension of governmental aid to the hungry,
should Baptists maintain unaltered their historic position regarding the
complete separation of Church and State? Should they be isolationists or
This is symptomatic. Other denominations are navigating on the same
ocean of social ethics. Will it be long before the Rock of Ages will entirely
be lost to view? A.
Theological Observer. - mrdjHdj