Full Text for CTM Theological Observer 3-9 (Text)

704 Theological Observer. -.Ritd)lid)~.8eitgefd)id)tlid)e!l. Theological Observer. -~itdjndj~geit!JefdjidjtHdje~+ I. ,2{mtrllut+ !HuB bet l5~nobe. SDcm Die fleiben SDifttifte in €liibamerua gana im €linn unb @eift ber !Bater arfleiten, ergilit fidj ~ iljren !81attem, bem ,,~b.~Eutlj. Sfirdjenblatt ffu €liibamerifa" (lI.~orlo m:legre) unb bem ,,~b.~ Eutlj. SNrdjenfloten" (['te~IJO, m:rgentinien). ~idjt nur bie @emeinbenadj~ ridjten unb bie j8eridjte au~ ben SDifttiften finb intereffcmt, fonbem fle~ fonber~ audj Die gebiegenen EeljrartueL m:uf biefe }lBeife eraieljt man ein et:fenn±nwreidje~ !Borf, b~ bie @runbIage ber redjten ftberaeugung~tteue ljat. ~ine feljr roerlboIIe m:t:fleit: ,,}lBeIdje~ ift bie roaljre fidjiliare SNrdje auf ~rben~" fam fiiraIidj aum m:fJfdjluB. -ZSm Atlantic Bulletin roirb ber ZSaljrljunberlfeier au ~ljren P. ZSoljann Ifaul j8et)er~ gebadjt, ber mit lRedjt au ben !Batem be~ Dften~ geredjnet roirb, ba er bon 1871 an im tlftridjen SDifttift ftanb, bon 1880 flw au feinem :irobe im ZSaljte 1905 an ber €lt. ZSoljanni~gemeinbe in j8roofft)n. -SDie j8etidjte be~ mTJerla~ unb j8ritiflj [,olumflia~ unb be~ WUnnefota~SDifttift~ aeigen, bcm bie Wliffionare eine anedennen~roerle 3'teuDigfeit im @tiinben neuer Wliffio~lJl~e an ben :irag Iegen. ZSn Wlinnefota aIIein roerben fedj~ roeitere Ifoften genannt, bon benen jebenfaW einige in abfeljflater 2eit iljt:e eigenen Wliffionare ljafJen roetben. SDaB fidj butdj @otte~ @nabe iifletaII roeitere :iriiten auf~ tun, roenn roit nut mit redjten Wliffion~augen ~u~fdjau ljaUen, aeigt audj ein Ifoften in ~eflra~fa. SDorl routbe ein Ifaftor aUf ein €ltiibtdjen auf~ medfam, roo offenflar au roenig firdjIidje m:rfleit getan bmrbe. SDie m:t:fleit routbe flegonnen, unb b~ lRefuUat ift, baB wer 50 SNnber getauft root:ben finb unb an bie 30 ~troadjfene jeJ;)t im Untet:ridjt fteljen. -SD~ SDifttift~~ fllatt bon ZSoroa fletont in ber ZSuIinummer flefonber~ bie djtiftridje @emeinbe~ fdjuIe, audj butdj ben SDtud aroiilf feiner j8Ubet. -SDie fleiben SDiftrifte in ~eflra~fa feiem biefe~ ZSaljt iljr golbene~ ZSubUiittm. SDie ZSuIinummet be~ ,, ¬liib~~eflra~fa~SDifttift~floten" ift eine flefonbete 3'ef±nummer, bie audj bie ZSufleIfonfet:ena in €leroarb anfiinbigt. ~ine anfdjauIidje €ldjUberung bon Buftiinben in ber Ifionieraeit Wirb in ~rlifeIn wer bie m:rfleit P. m:. }lB. 3't:efe~, eine~ Ifionier~ im €ltaate, gegeflen. -!Bon aIIgemeinem ZSntereffe ift ba~ ZSufJUiium ber SDreieinigfeit~gemeinbe in WlUroaufee, ba biefe gleidj~ fam bie Wluttergemeinbe aIIet unferer @emeinben in WlUroaufee ift. SDie Sllonftitution bet @emeinbe routbe am 27. Dftoflet 1847 angenommen. SDie ZSufJeIfeier fanb am €lt)nobalfonntag biefe~ ZSaljre~ ftatt. -Eaut ber ZSuIi~ nummer be~ Lutheran Deaooness ift bie BaljI ber SDiafaniffen innerljaTh ber €lt)nobaIfonferena feit 1924 bon 3 auf 42 geftiegen. Unb nodj finb bie WliigIidjfeiten biefer ~rfleit nidjt erfdjiilJft. If. ~. Sll. Prof. Henry Eyster Jacobs Deceased. -When this well-known theologian passed out of this life on July 7, the U. L. C. lost one of its prominent leaders. Dr. Jacobs was born November 10, 1844, at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. .After graduation he served as tutor and teacher at several colleges, likewise doing pastoral work for a short period, till in 1883 he was called to become professor of systematic theology in the Lutheran Theological Seminary, now located at Mount Airy, succeeding the dis-Theological Observer. -.Ilird)lid)~3ettgefd)id)t1id)e~. 705, tinguished champion of Lutheran orthodoxy in the General Council, Charles Porterfield Krauth. From that time till his death he was connected with the seminary, serving as its president from 1920 to 1927; in 1927 his son, Dr. Charles Michael Jacobs, became his successor. Besides teaching he did a prodigious amount of work as translator, authOT, and editor. By translating the Book of Oonoord and issuing it with comprehensive intro­ductions, he made the whole Lutheran Church of America his debtor. An­other translation of his of note is Schmid's Doctl'inal Theology of the Lutheran Ohurch, in which he collaborated with Dr. C. A. Hay. Of the many books which he wrote probably these are the chief ones: The Lu­theran Movement in England, History of the Luthel'an Ohurch in Amel'ica, Life of Martin Luther, Summary of the Ohristian Faith, and the Luthemn Oyclopedia, Dr. J. A. '\V. Haas cooperating with him in the production of the last-named work. His work on dogmatics, Summary of the Ohristian Faith, testifies through its comprehensiveness and brevity to his talents as instructor. It was among other things the faculty for concise, terse statement here displayed which made his church-body select him as one of the men who drafted the constitution of the U. L. C. While we cannot approve of his willingness to tolemte views and tendencies in his Church which were manifestly wrong, we are grateful for the many ways in which he aided the Lutheran Church effectively and successfully to do its work in this country. A. Amalgamating the Law of the Tithe and the Principle of Free­Will Offerings. -First reestablish the law of the tithe. It can be done in various ways. Here is how N. B. Herrell does it in Tithing Facts: "Abra­ham is the father of us all who are in the faith, Rom. 4,16. He gave tithes of all, Gen. 14,20. Jesus said: 'If ye were Abraham's children, ye would do the works of Abraham,' John 8,39. . .. Christ and the Tithing System.­Christ, on meeting the Church, found them backslidden along spiritual lines, such as judgment, mercy, and faith, but along the line of, tithing he found that they had not forgotten Malachi's strong message. He upbraided them for their neglect of more weighty matters, but commended them on the tithing system, Matt. 23, 32. He found that the Pharisees paid tithes of all, Luke 18, 10-12. He said that our righteousness must exceed that of the Pharisees, Matt. 5, 20. . .. Paul and the Churches, -Paul, in giving orders to the churches which he had oversight of, said that they should lay by them in store on the first day of the week as God had prospered them that there be no gatherings when he came. Paul was talking to a church, to every member of that church. He said for that church to lay by in store (or put their tithes from their prosperity into the church treasury) that there be no gathering when he came. The idea throughout the Bible is that God's children are to have enough pure and undefiled religion and love for God that they will bring of their own free will the tithes and offerings into His house and treasury that His work may prosper." Reestablishing the law of the tithe, however, must not nullify the Christian principle of free­will offerings, of glad and generous giving from love of God and the Savior. That blessed principle is enunciated too clearly in the New Testament. So the two must be amalgamated. N. B. Herrell amalgamates the two prin­ciples by demanding that the Christian observe the law of the tithe will­ingly. Having offered the tenth part of his income freely, he has performed 45 706 Theological Observer. -RirdjUdj=.8eitgefdjidjtndje!. his full Christian duty. H. Gibbs Chase would effect a more thorough amalgamation. Writing to the Living OJ/,urch (June 4, 1932), he says: "To the Editor: One single sentence in the editorial 'The Next Step,' in your issue of May 21, is a trumpet-call. It should have been printed in black·face type because it reaches right down to the root of things in that it questions whether we ought not now to begin to place emphasis upon paying to God what we owe to Him as an honest debt. The EpiscopaZ Ohurok has never emphaswd the principZe of tithing. Ought it not begin to do 80 now? This question is the most pertinent that could be asked. Nine-tenths of our income is all that we can consider as rightly belonging to us; the other tenth belongs to God. If we withhold that tenth from Him, we are defrauding debtors to the degree of our shortage. . .. Those who do not thus tithe are unwitting cheats, quite unconscious of their dereliction in most cases because they have no knowledge that they owe such a debt. It follows therefore that we cannot plume ourselves upon being benevolent in money ways until we begin to make gifts to the work of God as carried on by the Church and through other organized or un­organized channels entirely over and above what we hand over in pay­ment of our debt of one-tenth. . .." That certainly covers the whole situation. Both the reestablished law of the tithe and the New Testament principle of free and generous giving are assigned their proper spheres. It ought to work wonders in balancing the budget of the Church. For one thing, it will puncture the complacency of those who imagine that, be­cause they are tithers, they have fully kept the law of Christian giving. They have not, according to H. G. Chase. As tithers they have done their full Jewish duty. Now for their duty as Christians! (There is of course something wrong, too, with the conception that "nine-tenths of our income is all that we can consider as rightly belonging to us; the other tenth belongs to God." Ten-tenths of our income, property, and possessions be­long to God.) It will not do to mix the Law and the Gospel. The consequences would be disastrous. The Law can produce only unwilling service. The legalism applied to one-tenth of our income will inevitably react on, and contaminate, our dealing with the other nine-tenths. Better keep the Gospel principle pure and unmixed. Paul never mentioned tithing when he spoke of Christian giving. He did mention, first and last, the Savior. He asked the Christians to gaze upon the thorn-crowned head of the Savior, 2 Cor. 8, 9. (Ohristl. Dogmatik, III, p. 63.) That induces men to bring Christian offerings, Christian in quality and quantity. -''It goes without saying that it does not partake of Old Testamental legalism when the Christian, in a free and willing spirit, imposes the tithe or 'the fifth' upon himself and also, following the advice of the apostle, 1 Cor. 16, 1. 2, observes a system of regularity in his giving." (Ohristl. Dog., l. c.) It becomes legalistic when the Christian seeks to impose the tithing system on others as necessary or quasi-necessary iure divino or observes it himself in a servile spirit, when, as in Herrell's system, the free-will offering is surreptitiously metamorphosed into the legal tithe. Notice how carefully the apostle avoids the use of the word "commandment" in this connection. He re­pudiates its use, 2 Cor. 8, 8. 9. -Was the apostle himself a tither? We presume so. But he never makes mention of the fact. E. Theological Observer. -.Rttd)lid)~8eitgefd)id)t1icf)e~. 707 A Hard-Shell Prohibitionist. -Pastor G. F. Snyder is much dis­gruntled. He resents the attempts being made at present to clear up the prohibition muddle. And he does not like the Missourians. He voices his feelings in a letter printed in the Lutheran of May 19, 1932: "Tampa, Fla.-Dear Brother Melhorn: You have no idea how bad you made some of your readers feel when they read your editorial on prohibition in the issue of the Lutheran for March 31, in which you gave comfort, encourage­ment, and assistance to the enemies of temperance and prohibition." (The editor had stated that he has held, whenever he wrote concerning this matter, that the absolute prohibition of alcohol as a constituent of bev­erages is desirable, that we cannot dodge the fact that the power of the State was enlisted in 1920 to complete what education and moral instruc­tion had largely, but not entirely accomplished, that, if the State refuses or is unable to do what was co=itted to it in 1919, then conditions must revert back to where they were, and that the whole question must be given once more to thp. people for an explicit decision.) "I have often noticed when an editor begins to philosophize on a moral question, he says a great many things on both sides, and when a man says things on both sides of a moral question, he says many things on the wrong side. There is but one side to a moral question -the children in my catechetical class know that. . .. I for one Lutheran emphatically protest against any such recognition or resubmission to the people, excepting in the manner in which the queGtion was originally submitted as provided by law. What we need to do is to teach our church-members to be rcal Christians aml to teach the rest of the people to be self-respecting, law-abiding citizens. I was sent to Tampa five years ago by the Board of American Missions to start the first United r~utheran Church in this city. Lutheranism has been misrepresented herc [?] for nearly forty years by a little indepcndent ~1is­souri Synod church. During the war an Evangelical Lutheran church here was forced by public sentiment to close. I am having a hard, up-hill job trying to represent the United Lutheran Church to the people of this city and to build up a congTegation. Some of our members drink, and several are against prohibition. What effect do you suppose your editorial as quoted in the Tampa Morning T1'ibune will have upon our work here? . G. T. Snyder." E. A Slight Disturbance within the Federal Council. -Says the Living Church of June 11: "The United Lutheran Church, which, like the Episcopal Church, is not a member of the Federal Council, but is It 'con­sultative body,' has, through its New York synod, administered a mild, but well-deserved rebuke to the Council. Says the Lutheran resolution: 'Resolved, That the United Lutheran Synod of New York memorialize the United Lutheran Church in America to request the Federal Council of Churches of Christ in America that before making public pronouncements and representations with regard to issues of public concern, for which pro­nouncements and representations certain official church-bodies may not 'wish to be held responsible, to ascertain first, when possible, the position of all such bodies involved, consultative or otherwise, and to list any such as may not be in agreement.' To which we can only add, Amen." Now, if the United Lutheran Church and the Protestant Episcopal Church will ad-708 minister a stern rebuke to the Council for its modernistic leanings and pronouncements and, upon the certain rcfusal of the Council to heed the Christian admonition, sever aU connection with it, we, too, will say, Amen. E. America Becoming Dechristianized. That Protestant circles in America which during the past seventy-five years have shown little or no interest in the Christian day-school, but rather have opposed it as un­American, are beginning to see that our present system of religious educa­tion is not satisfactory, but is forming merely a weak barrier against the forces of outspoken unbelief and gross religious ignorance, can be seen from an article in the Congregationalist, which bears the heading "Religion in Education." The writer quotes Prof. Wm. Adams Brown of Union Theo­logical Seminary as saying, "America is rapidly becoming a pagan nation." The writer comments thus on this startling statement: "There is evidence enough that he may be right. The emphasis being placed upon the mecha­nistic philosophy in educational institutions is indicative of the trencl. The emphasis upon possessions as an end in themselves and the mad pursuit of pleasure arc pagan. Take such a statement as the following, quoted from one who was a teacher in a so-called church college, as an example: 'I hold ... that there is no good but human desires and their satisfaction and that the moral problem is nothing more or less than to secure eyer better and more adequate means of satisfying these desires.' This is nothing more nor less than paganism." The writer next speaks of a means parts of which the Church employed to inculcate the Christian religion. "There was a time in which the Church expected to create a Christian nation by means of revivalism; ... but sober judgment does not indicate that a Christian nation is to be pro­duced or maintained by this method." The hope for America, says he, lies "in a new emphasis upon the primary importance of Christian higher education." One wonders why the writer stresses higher education. Is not what is needed, Christian education in general, to be applied to the most formative years of life, six to fourteen, as much, or even more than, to the years spent in high school and college? In speaking of higher education, the article says: "Church colleges are the only ones broad enough to take account of all life's interests, including that greatest of all human interests -religion." When the writer, in the following section of his article, maintains that church colleges must not aim at perpetuating the doctrines of a particular denomination, that they must not be narrowly sectarian, he is strongly refuted by the course events have taken in his own denomination, that of the Congregationalists. History has taught us that, where the emphasis on doctrine was lacking, the emphasis on Christianity itself soon dis­appeared, too; that, where not all the teachings of the Bible were taken seriously, in a brief space one after the other of the so-called chief tenets of the Scripture was treated lightly. To stem the tide of paganism, it is not sufficient merely to teach the Sermon on the Mount. If the situation is to be improved, it will have to be done by the earnest, faithful, un­tiring proclamation and teaching of the full Gospel of Jesus Christ as St. Paul and his fellow-apostles taught it. A. Theological Observer. -.Rifd)lid)'.3eitgefd)id)tlid)e~. 709 II. ,2{m;!ttnJ). lillie !lie Union~reute e~ fdi~er trie6en. ~enn man liebenft, baf3 bet l1nioni~mu~ fcinem roefen±rid.jm ~ljm:aftet nad.j Uneljdid.jfeit unb Unrautet~ feU ift (benn e~ ift uneljtlid.j, ®inigfeit boraugelien, roo feine ®inigfeit im @Iaulien botljanbm ift; e~ iit uneljtIid.j, mit Union~fotmcrn, mit ;;sa~ unb ~cinfotmern, au opetietm; e~ ift uneljtIid.j, menn bet SUiener bie @iiter feine~ ~®rm berun±teut, luenn ber 5t'geolog ba~ geringfte @otte~roort prei~~ giot), fo roirb man fid.j nid.jt rounbem, roenn bie Union~reute aud.j bor Un~ Iautedeiten anberer ~rt lid.j nid.jt fd.jeuen. D. ~emet ®Iert berfoIgt einen guten 2roed, roenn er in f ciner "WCotpljologie be~ .2utljertum~ U an geroiff e ®tcigniffe ftiiljerer 2etten crinnert. "SUa~ fpiitere lieftiinbige SUriingen aUf Union bon feiten be~ ~aIbini~mu~ ±tiH baburd.j in bie rid.jtige mereud.jtung, baf) ber ~arbini~mu~ iilierall ba, roo er bem .2utljertum bie ,®inljeit be~ ljSroteftanti~mu~' cinauljiimmem berfud.jte, in urfpriingIid.j Iutljetifd.je mtd.jen~ geoiete eingebrungen roar. SDaf3 f eine ,;;Stenif' cine berftedte g:orm bet ~gi±ct±ion fiir fid.j feroft roar, fann man liefonber~ leljttcid.j an bem poI~ nifd.jen ~gi±ator ;;soljann a .2a~co ftubieren, bet aI~ ,atmer ®migtant' mit einem ~nljang bon ahlei anbern ljSrebigem unb 170 @SeeIen hie Iutljetifd.jen .2iinber bon SDiinemad oi~ )fiiititemlietg burd.jaog. ®t lieftanb fteg bar~ auf, mit ben Iutljetifd.jen @eiftIid.jen au bi~putieren. )fienn et aliet barauf~ ljin nid.jt af5 bet ;;sljrige angefeljen unb lieljanbert rourbe, erfiiIIte et bie lillert mit fcinen Sl'Iagen iilier bie Iu±ljerifd.je ;;Sntolerana. SUaB aud.j bie refor~ mierie ,;;srenif' im 17. ,;saljrljunbert bielfad.j eine berftedte 2Igitation fiir me eigene ;;sbee unb ba~ eigene l.1oIitifd.je ffied.jt hlar unb iebenfaII~ fcinedei meraid.jt auf bie eigene fonfeHioneile ljSofition einfd.jloB, ljat ~ . .2eube elienfo einbrucr~lloil roie unroibedegIid.j geaeigt (,~albingmu~ unb .2utljerium im 2eitaIter ber :Oriljoboi;ie'). U (@S. 246.) ,,~at bod.j ber tDegen feiner ,;;srenit' bicIgeriiljmte ~eibellierger ~areu~ fogar ben reformierten ffiitu~ be~ mrot~ ored.jen~ au~briidIid.j bamit liegriinbet, baB baburd.j bet ,®iiJ?enbienft' be~ Iutljerifd.jen 2Ibenbmaljf5 am griinbIid.jften gelirod.jen unb b~ ,@iiJi}enbtrb' be~ im mrot gegenroiiriigen ~ljtiitu~ im ~er3en be~ jBoIfe~ gefmtat metbe. ;;sn biefem ,irenifd.jen' @Stir hlutbe immer hlieber bon bet lutljetifd.jen 211ienb~ maljf5Ieljre gefptod.jen. SUet Sl'onfenfu~, ben ~arlJin 1540 mit ben 2iitid.jern abfd.jlof), fterrte fie mit bet tiimifd.jen )fianblung~reljre hlegen gIeid.jet 2Ili~ lurbitiit aUf e i n e @Stufe. SUie reformierien ljSrebiget 3U ®mben fterrten feft, baB im lutljerifd.jen 2Ioenbmaljf5ritu~ roegen be~ babei gelitaud.jten ,@ii~enroed~' ,gat fein lln±etfd.jieb 3roifd.jen iljnen unb ben ljSapiften' fei. )!Benn man f t 0 Ji} b erg e lj ii u f ± e n jB 0 r hl ii r fer 0 m i f d.j e t .2 e lj t e unb riimifd.jer ~ligi.H±erei bem .2utljertum immet roie~ ber aUf ber )Bruff fnie±e, um e~ unt,et .2eugnung ber ,Untetfd.jiebe' 511 dncr Union au beranfaffen -fann man fid.j rounbern, iUC11l1 fd.jIie13Iid.j bie @egnet lieim )!Bort genommen rour~ ben mit ber B'eftftellung, baB man ben ,ljSapiften (au~genommen me ,;sefui~ fen)' ±a±fiid.jIid.j niiljer ftelje c@ ben ,~arbiniften'?U (@S. 272.) -li[ljnnd.je~ ffiiinfeflJiel unb gIeid)e gcljltfjige ,,;;srenif" ±teiDen aud.j unfere Unionifteno SUa ljalien fid.j ncuIid.j bie 31Llei mifd.jiife ber 05lJiffolJalen in WCifiouri: bon: bern ®raunioniften Do ljSeter ~in~ree unb feiner Christian Unity League berfiiljten Iaffen, cine gerneinfd.iaftrid.je 211ienbmaljIBfeiet in ber Christ Church Cathedral bon @St • .2oui~ d03uljarten unb baliei aUfammen mit einem ~te§~ 710 Theological Observer. -seitd)1id)~8ettgefd)id)tlidyeg. bl)±etianer, einem S1'ongregationaIif±en unb anbern au amtieren. 9leben bieIen anbern proteftierte auclj bie Livin,g Chu1'oh gegen biefe QanbIung~~ tueife ber iBifcljiife ag "direct defiance of the canon law of, the Church". \!rber bie iBifcljiife fjaben ficlj oU fjeIfen gellJUll±. "Canon 23 is entitled 'Of Persons Not Ministers of This Church Officiating in Any Congregation thereof.' The diocesan officials in St. Louis managed to evade the letter of this canon (though not, we think, its spirit and intent) by lending the cathedral building to the Christian Unity League, so that the service took place before a congregation of tlle league, not of 'this church,' and so was exempt from the provisions of Canon 23. The subterfuge is a fairly obvious one." ~a!J ±riff± ia niclj± ben eigentricljen 9lerb be£! }Bergel)en!J; aber mit bem ffiiinfefpieI IJa± e!3 feine flHcljiigfeH. {g fjeill± tocHer: "It is a fundamental principle of tbe whole Catholic Church that only a priest" (one who had episcopal consecration or ordina,tion) "may va,lidly cele­brate the Holy Communion. . .. By pa,rticipa,ting in this service, not as laymen, but officially as bishops of the Church, Drs. Johnson and Scarlett not only 'suffered,' but definitely encouraged and approved, a man who was not a priest (as clearly defined by the Church) to perform the most sacred ritual act which the Church I'eserves for priests alone, If they accept the doctrines of the Church (as we assume they do, or they could not honestly continue to act as bishop and bishop coadjutor of one of her dioceses), participation in such a proceeding seems to us to be little short of blasphemous, We can think of no other ritual act tha,t would have constituted so complete a violation and denial, not of the canons, but of the fundamental doctrine of the Church." (L. C., May 28, 1932.) @5!3 ljanbeIt ficlj toieher nicljt urn bie faIfclje Eefjre ber @5piffopaIfirclje bon ber jj.5rief±ertoeiIJe, fonbern urn bie llnlau±edeit biefer Unionif±en. @lie bringen e!J iiber ifjr @etuiffen, ficlj bon einer S'\'irclje anfteUcn au Iaffen, beren ()rb~ nungen fie mit [\'iillen treten. D. ~eter \!rin£!lee beteUigt ficlj na±iirliclj auclj an ber bon ifjm beranlUllien ~i!3fuffion -in ecljt unionif±ifcljer )illeife. @5r Iall± niclj±i3 fpiiren bon ber Eiebe unb 5tolerana, me angebIiclj bie llnio~ nif±en befed±. ~n feinem Christian Union Quarterly gefjt er mit benen, bie getoiffen!JfjalfJer iljm opponieren, 10 um: "These denominations have been able to get it across with many in their fold by labeling their atti­tude of exclusiveness as 'conscience,' 'sacred,' and so forth, perhaps a 'God­given trust.' It is high-sounding. . .. Take the Disciples, for instance" (au benen er feThf± gefjiirt). "They practise exclusiveness by receiving into their membership only those who have been baptized by immersion. How­ever devout and beautiful in Christian character, whether he be a Protes­tant Episcopalian or a Presbyterian or a Methodist, he must stay outside. A prominent minister of that denomination said: 'I will never yield that point lest I be counted a betrayer of Jesus Christ.' That is an astonishing statement to come from an educated Christian minister. Never! Be­trayer! What strange words to be associated with Christian fellowship, as though our little opinions were infallible -impossible for us to be wrong." E. !mie fte1jt e~ in licijug auf ben ,,~ofmarfdj be~ stat1joHiji~mu~lI? Qier,. iiber macljt ba'!> ,,@5b. ~eutfcljranb" tuicljtige WlH±eiIungen. )illir Iefen: ,,}Bom ,}Bormarj"clj be!3 S1'aifjoIiai!3mu!3' tuirb -nicljt gana mit llnrecljt -bier gefcljrielien. ~af3 aliet folclje£l fllottoiiri£lbrCingen audj &u!3brud cinet Theological Observer. -.!l:itd)IidH3eitgefd)id)t1id)es. 71:1 inner en 6djtviidje fein fann, bie bie @:roberung neuer 611itpunfte aur Beben6. frage madjt, tioerfie~t man 3utveHen. @:inige 6elliftaeugniffe (nadj ber ,6djii. neren 3ufnnf±'): ~ranfreidj: ,~ie ®rollftabtoebiiIferung ~ranfreidj6 leot gerabedu in dner feeIforgerHdjen ~eroannung. ~ari6 mlif3te, tvenn aUf 1,000 @:intvo~ner ein ~riefter fommen foUte, 4,800 ~riefter ~aben fta±± ber gegentviirtigen 802. ~ie franaofifdje ~riefternot iiuf3ert fidj aber nidjt nur afi3 Organifation6frije, fonbern audj a16 ~riefterfdjtvltnb. ~on 1900 bi6 1930 tvar bie 3a~1 ber ?iSrieftertvei~en in ~ranfreidj um 13,000 Geringer a16 bie ber @5±eroefiiIIe bon ® eif±ridj en. 6eit 1900 finb iebe6 ~a~r 1m ~urdjfdjni±± 400 ~riefter nidjt erfet± tvorben. ~er ~rieftermanger fil~rt aUr ftberoiirbung ber 6eelforgearbeiter unb 3ur ftbetal±erung be~ Stleru6, ber feine ,,?iScnfionierung" fennt. ~on 100 franaofiidjen ~rieftern finb 34 iioer fedjaig ~aiJte art. );8on 1900 Oi6 1945 tvir)) llltrdj ?iSrieftcrberlufte, biIbIidj gefprodjen, bie .x>iiff±e ber 87 ~ioaef en ~ranfreidj6 aufgefiift f ein.' I1rrgentinien: ,@:~ gibt unge~eure ®eoie±e b~rt, bie niemal§ ein ~rieftet lie±ti±±. ®ut eingeridjte±e l1ru±ofapellen tviiren ein unfdjiitbaret 6egen. s\)ie nadj I1rrgeniinim eintvanbernben 6panier, fotvo~l bie IDUinner tvie bie ~tauen, ge~en grof3enieiI§ bem lebenbigen ®lauoen berforen.' 1JRq;ifo: ,Wuf ®runb ber ~ereinoarul1g iitvif djen iStaat unb ~irdje tvurben ben StaiiJofifen bei. na~e fiimtridje Stirdjen, nidj± aber bie iSdjulm unb bor arrern altdj nidj± bie befdjlagna~mten ~ermogen§beftiinbe ltnb is±ifiungen iiurlicfgegeben; bie bor~ bem fo reidje ~irdje lIne;t;tfo~ ift ~eltie boIlftiinbig berarmt. @:~ finb nidj± einmal bie notigen lIni±±el bor~anben, um audj nur cine geringe 3aql bon ~rief±erfanbibaten alt~5ltbiIben. ~utenbe grof3er ~fiifter unb fatqolifdjer ~nbung~anftar±en fteqen leer. ~ie ~rieben6berein6arungm 3toifdjen ~irdje unb 6taat qaben eigenHidj nut bie brut are ~erforgung beenbig±, nidj± aoer ben ftillen ~ampf gegen hie ftirdje.' ®an3 getvif3 foUen biefe ~eftftellungen nidj± ba5U ftiiJrm, baf3 man fidj burdj bie Note etner anbern ~onfeffion liber hie 6djiiben unb ®efa~ren, lJie bie eigene oebroqen, qintvegtiiufdjt. ~a~ fdjlief3± ia aoer nidjt au6, baf3 man fidj einen offenen ~Hd' filr bie ~a~rqeit in anbern Bagern betvaqri." ~. ;it. lIn. 2ubenl:lotff madjt fid) HidjcrHdj" ,,~n ber 'EeHage bon ,Bubenbotff6 ~olf~marte', (SoIge 4, born 31. ~anuar 1932, ,~ie @5ippe', ~eif3± e~ in einem I1rrtifel ,~er ~ube ~aulu~ unb bie ~rauen' bon @:ridj Eubenborff: ",~er ~ube ~aulu6 fellift tvar nidj± berqeiraie±, abet er qaite bodj einen 6oqn; benn er fdjreib± in bem [fo I] @:pifteI an ~qifemon: ,,10. 60 etmaqne idj bidj um meine~ iSoqne6 willen, be~ Oqnefimo~, ben idj ge3euget qaoe in meincn ~anben." ~auru~ qat JooqI in jeiner l1ruffafj"ung bon ber @:iJe bie IDCuiter leine6 iSoqne§ nidjt geqeiratet, obfdjon er bie ~ifdjof~eqe einfett, b~ 3iilioat alfo au~brlid'fidj ableqnt.' ~enn man bebenft, ball Onefimo~ (er fdjreio± fidj o~ne q) ein entraufenet @5fiabe ift, ben ~aurw mit bierem 'Erief feinem redjtmiif3igen .x>errn tviebet 3ufenbet, baf3 Diefer ~tief ferner in tiimifdjcr ®efangenfdjaft gefdjrieben iit, bann fann e6 fidj felliftberftiinbfidj niemaf§ um ein Idbfidje§ Stinb be~ ~aulu6 qanbeln, ganiJ abgefeiJen Dabon, baf3 ex biefen fellien Onefimo~ im 16. ~er~ ~ruber nennt, fogat ~ruber nadj bem ~reifdj. filler Me 6ptadje be~ ~aulu~ lennt, tveif3, ball bet l1ru~btUd' ,deugen', ben ~auru6 ar~ anfdjauIidje§ ~ilb bertvenbet, nidjg tveitet oefagt, alB baf3 bieier entIaufene iStrabe bon bem gefangenen ~aulu~ sum ~qriften±un~ befeqrt ift, baiJcr fein geiftige6 Stinb ift, tvobei 712 Theological Observer. -.Ritcl)licl)~3eitlleicl)icl)t1icl)d. ber ®ebanfe ber Wiebergeourt iWlfdjttJeigenb mit in bas mUb ~ineinfjJieft, bat aoer Diefer feIoe @lllabe afS ~~rift unb IDeenfdj audj fein ?Sruber ift .... @ine anbere ~usIegung ift gar nidjt mogHdj, fo ttJiITfommen fie bem, ber gegen )jSaulus fdjreiot, audj mare. @s ift oebauerIidj, baB in ber 2eitung bes ®enerag 2ubenborff foldje IDeiBbeutungen au Iefen finb." S£iiefer lBetidjt ift bem "ffieidjsooten" entnommen. @r raBt 2uben~ borffs (Seinbfdjaft gegen ?SioeI unb ~~riftentum beutridj edennen. S£iie ganae 2adjerlidjfeit unb S£ireiftigfeit 2ubenborfff djer ?SifJelauslegung ttJb:b einem redjt fIar, menn man aum mergreidj bie @l±elIe 1 Sl'or. 4, 15 ~eran~ aie~t. S£ia fdjreiot )jSauIus an Die ganae ~~riftengemeinbe au Sl'orint~: ,,~dj ~aoe eudj geaeuge± in ~~rifto ~@fu burdj bas @bangeIium." )jS'auIus lonnte jene ~qriften, bie er audj feine ,,?Sruber" nennt (1 Sl'or. 1, 26), mit ffiedjt afS feine geiftridjen stinber oeaeidjnen; benn oei feiner Bmeiten IDeiHionsreife ~at er anberi~aIO ~a~re fang in Sforint~ bas Wort born Si!reua gejJrebigt (2!jJoft. 18,4) unb baburdj eine 1JIu~enbe ®emeinbe bafeIOf± gefammeft. Wie ~auIus 1 Si!or.4, 15 unb )jSljirem.10 fidj afS geiftIidjen mater feiner ®emein~ ben unb ®emeinbegfieber beaeidjnet, fo maljrt er ®ar. 4, 19 audj bas ?SUb ber IDeutier. Urn bie in Wedgeredjtigfei± berfalIenen ®aIaier aur Umfe~r au oemegen, fdjreiOt er u. a.: "IDeeine Iieben Sl'inber, meIdje idj aoermal mit \lI:ngften geoare." 2!udj bie ®alater ~at )jSauIus BUbor "feine Iieoen ?Sru~ ber" genannt, ®aI. 4, 12. IDeoge 2ubenborff in 2ufunft mit feiner "lBioelauslegung", bie feinem djrif±usfeinbIidjcn &)eraen enifjJringi, bie niitige 2urud'~anung ma~renl S£ier~ jenige bermag bie ?Stoef nidji redjt ausBufegen, ber nidjt fetoft miebergeboren if± unb mit ~afobus fjJredjen fann: ,,®oti ljat uns geaeuget nadj feinem msmen burdj bas Wort ber Wa~rljeit", ~at 1, 18; bgL 1 )jSetr. 1,23. (®. &)errmann in @b.~2ut~. (Sreifirdje.) ~ULinhiidje iifumenifdje Sfh:d)