Full Text for CTM Book Review 15-3 (Text)
iversity athletes, after he had
given away his whole inheritance (over $100,000) and dedicated himself
to the sacred task of mission work, first in China and then in Africa,
though the Worldwide Evangelization Crusade, founded by him and
his missions-loving wife, works also in South America, India, and in
various ancillary activities at home. Altogether the movement now
numbers 246 workers, and, like him, they depend for support on God's
loving providence and therefore refuse the budgeting of their mission
costs in advance. The story of Mr. Studd's remarkable labors belongs
to the great modern mission romances and will kindle the flame of
mission zeal in all believing Christians who read it. Sometimes it is
lacking in lucidity and continuity, but that is owing to the fact that the
book is built up almost entirely upon the sparse notes left by the busy
missionary. At times there are statements to which we could not agree.
Lastly, the book reflects the strong religious emotionalism of the group
which it represents, and this may become somewhat disturbing to Lu-
theran readers. But throughout the book there gleams also the flame
of ardent Christian love; and the great faith of the missionary, his
sincere devotion, and his long life of self-sacrifice teach lessons which
are ver-J necessary today. Let pastors give &...is story to their parishioners
and have them, in particular, consider the fine mansion in England
which Mr. Studd left to spend many toilsome years in a miserable hovel
in Africa, shown by way of contrast on the same page; and there will
be, we are sure, a new appreciation of what missionary consecration
really means. The book was first published in England in 1933 and in
three years appeared in seven impressions. The present volume belongs
210 Book Review
to the fifth impression made in our country, a proof certainly of the
great interest Christians in England and America have taken in this
unusual mission narrative.
Christianity Is Christ, which now appears in the eighth impression,
is an ever-timely and valuable presentation of Christian evidences by
a former learned professor of the Old Testament at Wycliffe College,
Toronto, and Wycliffe Hall, Oxford. The author, believing that to defend
Christianity means only to defend Christ, sets forth, ably and con-
vincingly, our Lord's fact [His reality], character, claim, teaching, mir-
acles, death, resurrection, Gospels, Church, influence, Virgin Birth, and
so forth. The reviewer well knows the limitations of apologetics, but
he knows also the joy and strength that come from the study of Chris-
tian evidences; for despite what infidels may say, unbelief is unreason-
able, while Christianity is unmistakably true. We recommend this popu-
lar volume on Christian evidences specially to young people brought
into contact with infidelity in colleges and universities. Occasionally
the reader will meet with a statement to which he cannot subscribe,
but on the whole this is a sober, trustworthy, and convincing apologetic,
which is worth reading. JOHN THEODORE MUELLER
Religious Progress Threurh Revivals. By Frank Grenville Beardsley.
--ew York. 181 pages, 5X'1%,.
The t.~esis of this volume is stated by Dr. Beardsley as follows:
"Whil, ;he prb~~"":- ~H~~~e of revivals is individualistic
which :e put tv.O' •• v p,,,~uade men as individuals to SUI
selves to the cause and service of Jesus Christ, nevertheless by and in
the large their results have been pre-eminently social. There probably
has been no other influence which has had greater effect directly and
indirectly upon the life and habits of the American people and indeed
of the English-speaking world than these mighty spiritual upheavals"
(p. 175). Since Dr. Beardsley treated the history of the American
revivals rather exhaustively in a volume written almost forty years
ago, he offers only a resume of this important chapter in American
church history in the present volume. The author attempts to prove
that not only the organization of the Bible and missionary societies
in the first decades of the nineteenth century, the establishment of the
Sunday school, the founding of Christian colleges, but also the temper-
ance and abolitionist movements, and other moral and social refonns
:are more or less directly the result of a revival. The author makes a
:strong case for his thesis; nevertheless in several instances he claims
too mu\.,;l.J. ~VJ. uu;:: J.t:::vJ.vcu., uC;\...QU;::'C his definition of a revival .11:) WJ..U'CJ. UJ.dU
i;he one commonly accepted. Noone will deny that the great revivals
:as genuine spiritual a' :.(S have been a mighty
history OT the Church. Hc~,,"'~rever, the rilO elements which have con"-=
tributed largely to their success are at the same time their basic
weaknesses, namely, doctrinal indifference and emotionalism. reat
revivals followed a period of moral decline, and the emphasis in pre a .
ing was on sanctific8.tion J:"ather than justLiication, or, as John RUE
puts it, calling on man oftener to work than to behold God work.....e.
for them. This type of preaching leads to indifference in doctrine. In
practically every great revival denominational lines were completely
Book Review 211
erased. Thus the revival of Edwards and Whitefield aided in uniting
the colonists not only denominationally, but also politically; the Great
Awakening of 1800 resulted in an attempt to unite all denominations
on a broad confessional basis; the non-sectarian laymen's noonday
services of 1857 were meetings for prayer rather than for preaching.
No one will deny that the great revivals have served as a unifying force
in American life, but the price - indifference to doctrine - is too high.
The second inherent weakness of all revivals is the one-sided emphasis
of the emotional appeal. This has led to such psychological phenomena
as the "holy barks," "holy jerks" of the revival of 1800, and to the
shouting, the swooning, the speaking in tongues in modern Pente~
costalism. Primarily, however, the revivals have failed because an
awakening which is predicated chiefly on the emotions and which dis-
regards the intellect and the will, can last no longer than the emotional
ecstasy. When the emotional tensions are released, nothing remains but
"a burnt-over area," and it is virtually impossible to begin another
"spiritual fire." - The present volume is recommended because it will
aid in understanding the American scene and particularly because it
will quicken the realization that Christians are the salt of the earth
and that their Christian conduct will affect their community.
F. E.l\L. __
i. ...... ., .. " Life. By '"'6",.:;org Stolee. A i" • .."..vu .:lased on Luther~s Life
by o. Nilsell. Augsburg Publishing House, Minneapolis, Minn.
157 pages, 8X12. Price, $1.50.
The story of Luther's life is here presented to juniors in a simple,
pleasing way. Many pictures, old and new, illuminate the text; among
them a number of facsimiles. The front cover bears a very fine re-
production of the genuine Rietschel head of the great Luther statue in
Worms. At the end there is Luther's own explanation of his seal, the
text of the Ninety-five Theses, the three General Creeds, and the Augs-
burg Confession in the Jacobs translation. The book is a fine addition
to the popular Luther literature, and it is to be hoped that it will find
its way into many homes and libraries for young people. It is, however,
deplorable that the revision has not eradicated a few rather gross er-
rors - perhaps this can be done later? - The date of Luther's enlighten-
ment is set years too early; this involves the author in inconsistencies.
While in a book of this description greater leeway may be permitted in
the nature of stories included, yet there are some tales that should no
longer be told; e. g., that Luther learned the Hebrew language from a
rabbi in Rome, or - please! -~ that Luther cared for a son of Frau Cotta
when the lad attended the University of Wittenberg! Roman writers
have always attached one of their nastiest suspicions of Luther to this
story. As a matter of fact, this Henry Cotta was born in 1514, while
Ursula Cotta died in 1511! THEa. HOYER
______ ; ExplanatL _ ___ 'I'. _Wartin LuL_~ __ ..1lall Catechisr.l. A Hand-
book of Christian Doctrine. Concordia Publishing House, Saint
Louis, Mo. 221 pages, 5x7ljz, Price, 50 cents.
At long last we have before us the new synodical Catechism, pre-
liminary work on which had begun some fifteen years ago. For -"'"lY
212 Book Review
years a committee, under the chairmanship of Prof. R. Neitzel, labored at
the task of simplifying and "modernizing" the "Schwan" Catechism,
which had become familiar to several generations of children after the
old Dietrich (or Dieterich) Catechism had been discarded. As the final
Revision Committee states, in a sheet of "Acknowledgments," credit for
the successful conclusion of the enterprise is due to quite a number of
men. While many of the older teachers and pastors may deplore the
fact that some of the "heaviness" has been taken out of the discussion
of the cardinal Catechism truths presented here, the book will certainly
serve for all purposes, especially in parish schools and in children's
catechumen classes. It has been printed in the attractive Caledonia type
and made more easily readable by type of different size and by the
breaking up of the material by the device of boxing the Enchiridion
text. The addition of illustrative materials in the form of small symbols
and medallions lends interest to the text. May God richly bless the use
of this new basic textbook for the welfare of many souls.
P. E. KBETZMANN
When the Spirit's Fire Swept Korea. By Jonathan Goforth, D. D.
30 pages. 25 cents.
An Hour with J. Hudson Taylor. By T. W. Engstrom. 28 pages. 15 cents.
An Hour with Adoniram and Ann Judson. By T. W. Engstrom. 24 pages.
15 cents. Zondervan Publishing House, Grand Rapids, Mich.
These three little booklets have been prepared for use by mission
study classes and are well suited for that purpose. They are particularly
timely because the mission fields covered by them are those now overrun
by war - Korea, China, Burma. W. G. POLACK
The God of the Bible and Other Gods. By P. E. Kretzmann, Ph. D., D. D.,
Ed. D. Concordia Publishing House, St. Louis, Mo. 195 pages.
In seven chapters Dr. Kretzmann, professor of theology at Concordia
Seminary, discusses the history and character of the most representative
religions found among the races of man from the dawn of history to the
present day. The author devotes 32 pages to the religion of the ancient
people of Bible times, including the Egyptians, Philistines, Canaanites,
Syrians, Babylonians, Assyrians, Greeks, and Romans; 29 pages are de-
voted to the religion of India, 24 to Buddhism, 29 to the religion of China,
26 to the religion of Japan, 25 to Mohammedanism, 14 to Judaism, and
12 to the God of the Bible. The author traces the historical development
of each religion and points out its chief characteristics and peculiarities.
The book is informative and well written. The careful reader will be led
to several interesting conclusions:
1. His heart will be filled with sincere gratitude that he was led to
a knowledge of the true God as revealed in Christ Jesus.
2. He will discover for himself that man in all ages has been definitely
and incurably religious.
3. That the evidence of primitive monotheism is found not only in
every area of primitive culture, but also 1."l the early forms of the great
Book Review 213
4. That the tritheistic idea, apparently a faint echo of the Trinity of
revealed religion, is found in several of the pagan religions.
5. That the writings of many of the ancient ph ilosophers prove con-
clusively that human reason cannot be satisHed with the average pagan
religion and that a searching after God must result. "So that they are
without excuse." Rom. 1: 20.
6. That a few men who have followed their natural knowledge of
God and have observed the works of His creation with an open mind
have arrived at a most remarkable concept of God, as is shown by such
men as Plato, Aristotle, Cicero, and the writer of the Orphic Hymn
quoted on page 27.
7. The Christian religion is not merely a higher form among many
religions, but the Christian religion is in a distinct class by itself.
A study of the various religions discussed in this book reveals
a pathetic groping on the part of man in search of truth and of a true
knowledge of God. But instead of finding truth, natural man falls ever
deeper into darkness, superstition, and stupid absurdities, "because that,
when they knew God, they glorified Him not as God, neither were thank-
ful; but became vain in their imaginations, and their foolish heart was
d arkened. P rofessing themselves to be wise, they became fools, and
changed the glory of the uncorruptible God into an image made like to
cor ruptible man, and to birds, and four- footed beasts, and creeping
1J.Jngs. Wherefore God also gave them up to uncleanness through the
lusts of their own hearts, to dishonor their OWll bodies between t.~em
selves. Who changed the truth of God into a lie and worshiped and
served the creature more than the Creator, who is blessed forever.
Amen." Rom. 1: 21-25.
For a handy, brief reference work on the subject of comparative
religion this book can be heartily recommended to pastors, teacher s,
students of history and anthropology, and in particular to missionaries
and to students preparing for foreign mission service.
A. M . REHWINKEL
The Church and Psychotherapy. By Dr. Karl Ruf Stolz. Published by
the Abingdon- Cokesbury Press, Nashville. 312 pages, 9X6. Price,
The author, Dr. Karl Ruf Stolz, who died in March, 1943, was at the
time of his death dean of the Hartford School of Religious Education
and had dedicated this book to the class in Pastoral Psychology of 1941.
The perusal of some former books issuing from the pen of Dr. Stolz con-
vinced us that the author was quite liberal in his theology. His post-
humous work, sad to say, only strengthens that conviction. We read in
the first chapter, on Fellowship and Freedom in the Church, "In the
finality of the case, God is the overlord of the Church. 'The head of
Christ is God.' Paul states that in the consummation of Christ's work,
Christ 'shall deliver up the kingdom to God, even the Father, . .. that
God may be all in all.' Paul nowhere equates Christ with God. Christ
is the Son of God, the agent of redemption, the directive head of the
Church. Christ prayed to God, did the will of God as it was disclosed
in experience, and loved the Church into existence. Christ is the unique
214 Book Review
element in the message of the Church to a world of undeserving and
willful men. Christianity apart from Christ as authority is not Chris-
tianity; the Chu. LU apa.l L U'om the lordship of Christ is not the Church.
The fundamental contention and principle of the Church is that God
has invaded the world through Christ with redemptive power and sig-
nificance. The priceless possession of the Church is, as we have often
been told, the person of Christ." (Pp. 21, 22.)
On the healing ministry of Jesus the author writes, "The study of the
works of healing which Jesus wrought will be confined to the cases
recorded in the Gospel according to Mark. The restriction is determined
by the finding of New Testament scholars that Mark is both the oldest
of the Four Gospels and the most reliable." (P.28.) "Not all the dis-
eases cured by Jesus were understood by his interpreters and reporters.
In fact, we cannot be certain that the majority of cases were accurately
diagnosed. Deafness, dumbness, and blindness are seemingly in all in-
stances organic disabilities, but under certain conditions they are purely
functional disorders. That such impairments are in many instances
rooted in psychological conditions and social situations cannot be suc-
cessfully disputed in the light of modern science." (P.29.) "In approach-
ing the reports of the mighty healing deeds of Jesus one is confronted
with a tangled mass of difficulties and misconceptions. He came to his
veople in the role o£ th.e herald of tI,e KirI:4oJom oI C!od. ~(2 WIlE a:30
a physician of body and IT • ld. I'L is a fallacy to ".1ppose that a religious
leader in Jesus' day and nd was expected by the people to heal the
sick. . . . The ministry of Jesus to the sick cannot therefore be accounted
for by a general expectation or demand of the populace. It was his
compassion and the consciousness of his therapeutic powers that moti-
vated Jesus to heal the sick. He carne close to us by placing the healing
resources of his personality at the disposal of those who were distressed
in body and in mind and sought his aid." (P.30.)
The author closes his account of the cure of Peter's mother-in-law
with the statement, "Assuredly it is superfluous to postulate a miracle
defined as an effect contrary to the established constitution of the cosmos.
Jesus, it is safe to assume, worked with and not against nature; hence"
nature responded to him and those he cured." (P.31.)
On the restoration of the withered hand, Mark 3: 1-6, he says, "There
is no indication of the source of the disability nor of the length of time
it had affiicted the victim. Whether the impairment was organic or the
result of neurotic hysteria, we are not told. Probably the hand was
not completely atrophied. Jesus accepted the implicit challenge of his
opponents and bade the man to come forward. He 01" ~d J ms ...
The act of courage and confidence was rewarded with the restoration of
the hand's normal use." (Pp. 33, 34.)
On the deaf-mute, Mal"k 7:31-37, Dr. Stolz says, "To be sure, the use
of spittle and the touch of the hand were often invested with a magical
power which was foreign to the mind of Christ. The probability is that
Jesus employed these means either to increase the faith of the patient
or to express his belief in their efficacy when united with pray~. to God
for a cure." (P.35.)
Referring to the restoring of the blind Dian's sight~ lViark 8: 22-26~
Book Review 215
Dean Stolz suggests, "Did the spittle of Jesus remove foreign or un-
sanitary matter which blinded the man?" (P. 36.) And so on page 40,
referring to the epileptic, Mark 9:14-29, "Was the cure wrought by the
direct influence of both Jesus and the father upon the boy?" And on
the healing of the woman, Mark 5: 25-34, "The furtive tug at the cloak
of Jesus released fresh springs of vitality within her, and the flow was
checked. When other measures fail to cure a disease, strong expectation
and unshakable confidence may be effective. Dr. E. Worcester writes that
without taxing his memory he can recall four instances of this kind.
The episode of the healing of the woman brings to light the unconscious
influence of Jesus, for the whole force of his personality was placed
at her service before he knew she existed." (Pp. 38, 29.) On the ques-
tion of demon possession he writes, "The question, Did Jesus share the
belief in demon possession held by the people as a whole? should in the
opinion of this writer be answered in the affirmative. Nowhere dOeS
Jesus hint that he believed that the evil spirits were personifications of
the vaporings of a sick mind and a disordered imagination. . . . The
issue is purely academic and speculative and has no direct bearing on
the validity and practicability of Christian experience. A man may be
a genuine follower of Christ whether or not he accepts as true the
Gospel accounts of exorcism by Jesus. After all, belief that Jesus and
his disciples cast out demons is marginal and optional, not central and
In answer to the question, To whom should men pray? we are given
the following information, "Multitudes of Protestants appeal directly to
Jesus Christ. Jesus himself prayed to God the Father. Prayer to Jesus
can be psychologically justified on the grounds that he has for many
the value of God and can be imaginatively reconstructed as a living
personality .... Many perceive no inconsistency or impropriety in praying
to Jesus. Theologically one may frown upon the practice and its under-
lying assumptions; psychologically one can defend the procedure for its
vividness, concreteness, intimacy, appeal, and definiteness. The miscon-
ception that God is too aloof, too exalted and holy, too self-contained to
come to our aid unless he has been persuaded by Christ to condescend
to our weakness and infirmity is in direct conflict with the tenor and
intent of the plain teachings of Jesus." (P. 131.) And in the chapter on
higher ecumenicity and personality he states, "Within this framework
the Church can be the organ of the redemptive will of God. The basic
element common to all Catholic and Protestant divisions of the Church
is the redemption of the entire man through a progressive experience
of fellowship and freedom." (P. 282 f.)
A Church forgetting that its chief duty and only reason for existence
in the world is to preach Christ and Him crucified as the Son of God
and Savior of the world by His vicarious atonement; a Church regarding
the practice of psychotherapy as its most important function, and fol-
lowing this course along the lines indicated by the author, is no longer
the Church of Christ, the Son of the Living God, cannot free man from
sin and reconcile him to God, and if it succeeds in curing or alleviating
the physical and mental ills and ailments consequent upon sin, does so
at the cost of the spiritual health and salvation of its constituents,
216 Book Review
because, after all, the words of John will remain true that God will
give to us eternal life, and this life is in His Son. "He that hath the
Son hath life, and he that hath not the Son of God hath not life."
1 John 5: 11, 12. THEO. LAETSCH
The Shepherdess. By Arthur Wentworth Hewitt. Willett, Clark & Co.,
Chicago and New York. XIII and 200 pages, 5lhx8. Price, $1.75.
This book, which was placed on the market only a short time ago,
has created quite a stir. There are several reasons for this. For one
thing, as the author states in his Preface, he is blazing a trail with the
publication of this book, since the life and labors of the lady of the
manse have not been treated in this fashion in the English language
heretofore. In the German language biographies of Pfarrfrauen have
appeared which also set forth in some detail the duties of the helpmate
of the faithful preacher and pastor. But in the English la.'1guage there
was an almost complete dearth of such material. Hence the timeliness
of this book. - However, the appeal of the book does not lie merely in
its subject matter. The author's choice of topics is very appealing, for
he speaks of the pastor's wife as a helpmeet, as a good shepherdess, as
a practical economist, as a presiding officer and executive, as a hostess,
as a teacher, as a public speaker, and in various other capacities.
Naturally the emphasis is not always that of Lutheran conservatism, for
the author seems to write from the standpoint of a Methodist background.
The style a'ld language of the book are gripping. The presentation is
frequently so striking as to verge either on the sensational or on the
flippant; yet it is always stimulating, even when the reader finds him-
self under the necessity of making corrections. The Lutheran pastor's
wife will hardly encourage her people to give her a position of such
prominence as to make her practically the assistant pastor. She is, and
should be, in the be~t sense of the word, the assistant to the pastor, in
keeping with the general rule referred to by the Apostle Paul in 1 Tim.
2: 11-15 and 1 Cor. 14: 34 f., also by Peter in 1 Pet. 3: 1-4. See also Titus
2: 3-5. Every pastor's wife, and every pastor, who reads this book with
discrimination, will be well repaid for the money and the effort expended.
P . E. KRETZMANN
To Our Subscribers
It has been our custom to retain the names of our subscribers on our lists
for two numbers after the subscription has expired, 50 that the subscriptions
could be continued without interruption in case a renewal came In late. We were
very happy to follow this plan at extra expense, but we are now unable to con-
tinue this policy because of present conditions.
Our Government has insisted that we reduce consumption of paper and
eliminate all possible waste. Because of the restriction in the use of paper it
will become nece!lsary to discontinue subscriptions to all of our periodicals with
the last number paid for under the subscription agreement. We shall, however,
continue our policy of reminding our subscribers of the expiration of the sub.
scription by inserting the usual number of notices in the second last and the
last numbers of the periodicals they receive. It Ie our sincere hope that our
subscribers will co-operate with us and the Government by renewing their sub-
scriptions promptly upon receipt of the first notice.
J une, 1943 CONCORDIA PUBLISHING HOUSE