Full Text for Introduction to Sacred Theology, part 6 (Text)

- --~-------------- ~------- arnurnr~iu IDqrnlngirul i1nutqly Continuing Lehre und Wehre (Vol. LXXVI) Magazin fuer Ev.-Luth. Homiletik (Vol. LIV) Theol. Quarterly (l897-1920)-Theol. Monthly (Vol. X) Vol. II December, 1931 No. 12 CONTENTS Page ENGELDER, TH.: The Theology of Grace. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 881 KRETZlVIANN, P. E.: Reich Gottes, Kirche, Gemeinde, Synode ................................................. 886 MUELLER, J. T.: Introduction to Sacred Theology ........ 898 LAETSCH, TH.: Studies in Hos. 1-3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 909 LOTH, A. M.: Haggai 2, 7-10 ........................... 920 Dispositionen ueber die zweite von der Synodalkonferenz angenommene Evangelienreihe.............. . . . . . . . . . .. 928 Theological Observer. - Kirchlich-Zeitgeschichtliches. . . . .. 939 Book Review. - Literatur. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 952 Ein Prediger muss nicht allein weide", also dass er die Schafe unterweiseJ wie sie rechte Christen sollen sein, sondern auch daneben den Woelfen weMen, dass sie die Schafe nicht angreifen und mit falscher Lehre verfuehren und Irrtum ein- fuehren. - Luther. Es ist kein Ding, das die Leute mehr bei der Kirche behaelt denn die gute Predigt. - Apologie, Art. 2~. If the trumpet give an uncertain sound, who shall prepare himself to the battle? 1 Oor. 4, 8. Published for the Ev. Luth. Synod of Missouri, Ohio, and Other States CONCORDIA PUBLISHING HOUSE, St. Louis, Mo. i 898 Introduction to Sacred Theology. biteH 6adje bet lie fonltituietenben &emeinben. jilletben 3. fB. hie i?efjr" betqanblungen aUf allen ~iftriftsf~nben ag 6timme bet ®elamtl~nobe etW:h:t unb ttifft bie 6~nobe ag 10Idje motfeqtungen flit bie metiiffenb ridjung foldjet ?Befenn±nilfe au 6djtift unb ?Befenntnis, fo geUen 10Idje ?BefdjHijfe flit !lie 9 a n a e 6~nobe. ~bet babd bIew! fidj bie6~nobe bodj in allen ~i:ilIen bettJuf3t, baf3 lie nut teptilfentatib ijanbert. ~. (if. ~te~mann. Introduction to Sacred Theology. (Prolegomena.) The Nature and Constitution of Sacred Theology. 13. The Purpose of Christian Theology. In the performance of his sacred functions the Ohristian theo- logian must at all times conscientiously keep in mind the true objective of his theological activity. The purpose of sacred theology, so far as it regards lost and perishing mankind, is not the spread of culture nor the establishment of civic righteousness on earth nor the satisfaction of the intellectual craving of the human mind nor the enrichment of human knowledge, but the eternal salvation (OOJ1:fJela, salus aeterna). of sinners. In other words, the objective of sacred theology is not academical or speculative, but intensely and absolutely practical (htibitus practicus) , since it leads perishing souls to Ohrist and through Him to communion with the true God, here in time inchoa- tively and hereafter in eternity perfectly. This exalted purpose of Ohristian theology Holy Scripture expressly states in indisputable terms, 1 Tim. 4, 16: "Take heed unto thyself and unto the doctrine ... ; for in doing this thou shalt both save thyself and them that hear thee"; Mark 16, 15. 16: "Preach the Gospel. . .. He that believeth ... shall be saved." If modern rationalistic theology rejects eternal sal- vation as the primary and preeminent purpose of sacred theology, it is. because this obnoxious type of pseudotheology is not Biblical, but carnal; not the divine theology of Ohrist's Gospel, but the man-made theology of a social gospel. The Lutheran dogmatician Meisner is right when he declares: "Whoever does not continually pursue and keep in mind in his entire study (Theorie) this purpose [the salva- tion of men] does not deserve the name of a true theologian." (Lehre und Wehre, 14, 76 ff.) In accordance with the principle just stated the Lutheran divines have defined the purpose of sacred theology as follows: "The object with whom theology deals is man as he has become a sinner, inasmuch as he must be led to eternal salvation." This definition is truly Scrip- tural. The object of sacred theology is not man in general, but homo peccator, or sinful man, for whose salvation God has sent His. Introduction to Sacred Theology. 899